Category: compare and contrast - CompareEssaydatesCom

rutgers school of social work catalog

  • Skip to Content
  • AZ Index
  • Catalog Home
  • Institution Home







Academic Catalog 2018-2019

The School of Social Work

  • Overview
  • Programs
  • Faculty
  • Courses

Dean:  Robin Mama, PhD

Director of the BSW Program: Elena Mazza, PhD

Director of the MSW Program: Carolyn Bradley, PhD

Social workers are concerned with improving the health and quality of life of persons who are disconnected or excluded from larger society. Social workers engage in practice at all levels, from working with children to working with communities and governments. The profession and the program at Monmouth are particularly concerned with human rights and social and economic justice, the representation and support of vulnerable or oppressed segments of the population, and direct-action strategies to bring about positive change for the disenfranchised.

The central mission of the School of Social Work at Monmouth University is to prepare its graduates for professional social work practice that strives to secure social and economic justice,  advance human rights, and improve the quality of life of vulnerable families, individuals, organizations, communities, and nations on the local, national, and global levels.

The BSW Program prepares students for generalist professional social work practice. Secondarily, the BSW Program prepares social work students for graduate social work education. The BSW Program also introduces individuals within the University community to relevant social work and social welfare issues.

On the foundation of a liberal arts tradition, students are engaged to broaden and challenge their understanding, analysis, and evaluation of human experiences and societies in the past and in the contemporary world, and of families and individuals of varied cultural and social contexts.

The curriculum supports this mission through three perspectives:

  • social and economic justice through the advancement of human rights,
  • strengths-based empowerment, and
  • practice with families within a global context.

Families within a global context define the initial focal social unit for all social work practice at Monmouth University.

Our three perspectives inform both our BSW and MSW programs as they contribute to the development of students’ knowledge, values, and skills:

  1. To conceptualize and contribute to social work theory, knowledge, values, and skills on a generalist level for BSW students, and on an advanced, concentration-specific level for MSW students through three interrelated perspectives: social and economic justice through the advancement of human rights, strengths-based empowerment, and practice with families within a global context;
  2. To develop the skills to understand, analyze, and evaluate the quality of life and well-being of vulnerable families, individuals, organizations, communities, and nations that is grounded in a strengths-based empowerment approach for social and economic justice and human rights;
  3. To prepare social work practitioners to develop and systematically apply knowledge, values, skills, and ethics in their work with families, individuals, organizations, communities, and nations of diverse cultural contexts in working collaboratively toward the prevention and solution of social problems;
  4. To think critically, analyze, produce, and disseminate research that informs theory, policy, practice, and evaluation in social work;
  5. To collaborate with and support vulnerable populations through advocacy, social action, volunteerism, service, education, and consultation, working from a strengths-based empowerment approach for social and economic justice and human rights.

School of Social Work Honor Society: Phi Alpha: Graduate and Undergraduate

Major

  • BSW – Bachelor of Social Work

Minor

  • Social Service

Colleen Beach, Specialist Professor. BA, University of Scranton; MSW, Monmouth University. Practice and teaching experience is in elder justice, hospice and palliative care, long term services and supports for older adults, practice with communities, and trauma informed care. She is a member of several organizations focused on elder justice, such as the National Adult Protective Services Association (NAPSA) and the American Society on Aging. She currently serves on the NAPSA Education Committee and on the New Jersey Division of Mental Health and Addiction Services Trauma Informed Care Workgroup.
[email protected]

Carolyn Bradley, Associate Professor (Graduate Faculty). BA, College of St. Elizabeth; MSW, PhD, Fordham University. Areas of interest are addictions, spirituality, gay/lesbian/bisexual/transgender issues. Current research is on spirituality and social work practice.
[email protected]

Christine Costello, Lecturer. MSW, Rutgers University. Areas of interest are addictions with adult populations, animal-assisted therapy, and veterinary social work.
[email protected]

Michael Cronin, Associate Professor (Graduate Faculty). MSW, Columbia University; PhD, Yeshiva University. Research interests in areas of international social work, healthcare and social policy, disaster management, social gerontology, and cultural competence.
[email protected]

Cory Cummings, Assistant Professor (Graduate Faculty). BSW, Nazareth College of Rochester; MSW, University at Buffalo, School of Social Work (SUNY); PhD, Virginia Commonwealth University.
[email protected]

Ralph Cuseglio, Assistant Professor (Graduate Faculty). MSW, DSW, Rutgers University. Areas of interest include school social work, clinical social work, and psychoteraphy.

Anne Deepak, Associate Professor (Graduate Faculty). BA, Boston University; MS, PhD, Columbia University. Areas of research interest are in the delivery of diversity and social justice content in social work education, the application of postcolonial feminist social work perspective to global social problems, and the dynamics of Global North-South partnerships.
[email protected]

Christa Hogan, Lecturer. BSW, Monmouth University; MSW, Fordham University. Extensive practice in geriatric social work as well as in specialized school settings working with special needs children. Her private practice focuses on individual counseling to children, adolescents, and adults. She also provides hospice services to the terminally ill.
[email protected]

Tawanda Hubbard, Specialist Professor. BS, Bloomfield College; MSW, PhD, Rutgers School of Social Work.
[email protected]

Robin Mama, Professor (Graduate Faculty).
Dean of the School of Social Work. BSW, College of Misericordia; MSS, PhD, Bryn Mawr College. Areas of interest include occupational safety and health, field education, and culturally competent social work practice. Current research projects include international social work and human rights.
[email protected]

Golam M. Mathbor, Professor (Graduate Faculty). BSS, MSS, Bachelor of Law (LLB), University of Dhaka, Bangladesh; MSW, McGill University; PhD, University of Calgary. Areas of interest include development and analysis of social policies and services, community organizing and social action, social planning, community development and community participation, and international social work. Current research interests include sustainable development of coastal communities, international development, and multicultural social work.
[email protected]

Elena Mazza, Associate Professor and Director of the BSW Program. BSW, Monmouth University; MSW Fordham University; PhD, New York University. Areas of interest are mental health, children’s mental health, and community-based mental health. Current research is on gatekeeping in social work education and mental illness and school integration.
[email protected]

Sanjana Ragudaran, Assistant Professor. BSc, MSW, Flinders University, Australia; PhD, City Unviersity of New York. Areas of research interest include research advisory with community organizing groups, focusing on undocumented immigrants.
[email protected]

Michelle Scott, Associate Professor. BA, Clark University; MSW, PhD, University of California, Berkeley. Areas of interest include adolescent depression, adolescent suicide prevention, school-based screening, mental health services and financing, college mental health, and initiation of alcohol use by adolescents. Current research incldues evaluation of the preparation of high school students with mental Health problems and the transition to college.
[email protected]

Nora Smith, Associate Professor (Graduate Faculty). BA, MS, Columbia University; PhD, University of California at Berkeley. Research interests include applied quantitative decision making, operations research, and management science.
[email protected]

Paul Urbanski, Assistant Professor. BFA, University of Michigan; MSW, Columbina University; PhD, University of Albany, New York. Research interests include the impact of institutional settings on older adults and specifically on resident autonomy in long-term care facilities. Currently, he is interested in understanding the experiences of older adult Korean emigrants who have come to the U.S. as family caregivers.
[email protected]

Joelle Zabotka, Assistant Professor (Graduate Faculty). BA, Drew University; MSW, Columbia University; PhD, Rutgers University. Social work clinician who continues to practice, with research interests in child mental health and development, parenting, substance abuse, and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
[email protected]

Course usage information

SW-105   Introduction to Social WorkCredits: 3   

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

Social work and its professional practices, its goals, guiding philosophy, and basic assumptions; the uses of the professional relationship; roles of the professional social worker and collaborative activity in the helping process. Not open to students who have completed SO-105. Previously listed as SW-101.

Course usage information

SW-198   Special Topics in Social Work (100 Level)Credits: 1-3   

Prerequisite: As announced in the course schedule.

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

An intensive study of a particular subject or problem in social work to be announced prior to registration. May be conducted on either a lecture-discussion or a seminar basis.

Course usage information

SW-205   Global Human Rights and Social JusticeCredits: 3   

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): BI.EL, GU, SJS, SUS

Examines social issues and injustices from a global perspective. A central focus will be the struggles of individuals, families, and communities from around the world. Introduces the student to the concepts of social justice, human rights, social welfare and oppression, and discusses ways to promote social welfare from a human rights and social justice perspective.

Course usage information

SW-222   Writing for Social WorkersCredits: 1   

Corequisite: SW-223 .

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): None

Designed to prepare BSW students to successfully master the skill of writing professionally and effectively. Course work and activities will provide a hands-on experience with social work writing tasks. Topics addressed include standards for scholarly writing, conducting literature reviews, writing mechanics, writing logically and coherently, adhering to APA format, writing for social media, the use of strengths-based empowerment language, and resume writing. Intended to strengthen students’ writing, an essential social work skill, and to support students’ efforts on writing tasks assigned in future courses, internship placements, and in the field of social work.

Course usage information

SW-223   Human Behavior and Social Environment ICredits: 3   

Prerequisites: SW-105 or SW-205 .

Corequisite: BY-105 .

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): None

A study of significant life tasks in the physical, social, and emotional development of the individual.

Course usage information

SW-224   Human Behavior and Social Environment IICredits: 3   

Term Offered: Spring Term

Course Type(s): GS

This is the second course in a two-semester course sequence where students learn to use theory and empirical data to analyze human behavior as it develops in a variety of sociopolitical environments. It introduces students to a broad range of theories and perspectives relating to biological, psychological, cognitive, and social development, and race, class, ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation variables.

Course usage information

SW-260   Alcohol and DrugsCredits: 3   

Prerequisite: SW-105 or PY-103 or SW-205 .

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

Addresses the special population in social work, specifically the substance abusing population. Through lecture, small group exercises, and films, the course will educate the students as to what are substance abuse and addiction, what treatment options are available, how to determine the appropriate treatment, as well as different forms of therapy and relapse-prevention work.

Course usage information

SW-261   Diagnosing Mental Health IssuesCredits: 3   

Prerequisite: SW-105 or PY-103 or SW-205 .

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): None

A detailed explanation of the DSM IV and its practical use in the social work profession. Cultural applications, as well as international implications and the accurate assessment terminology, will be discussed.

Course usage information

SW-263   Family CounselingCredits: 3   

Prerequisite: SW-105 or PY-103 or SW-205 .

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

Introduces students to the assessment and treatment of various family systems. A continuation of the ecological perspective of systems theory and social work practice illustrated in Human Behavior and the Social Environment and Social Work Practice Techniques I. Ethnic, culture, and gender issues are included as they apply to families. Family violence, substance abuse, adolescence conflict, and marital discord are among the topics discussed.

Course usage information

SW-264   AddictionsCredits: 3   

Prerequisite: SW-105 or PY-103 .

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): None

Addresses the addictions component of social work. Working with the clients and families to address the unbalance and dysfunction in their lives through assessment, treatment planning, and individual, group, and family therapy. Covering eating disorders, gambling, nicotine, sexual addiction, and workaholism.

Course usage information

SW-265   Creative TherapiesCredits: 3   

Prerequisite: SW-105 or PY-103 or SW-205 .

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): None

With creative and interactive approaches, the students will recognize and appreciate their personal experiences to better assess the needs of their clients, as well as enhance conventional therapeutic methods. Also introduces alternate approaches to talk therapy to work with specialized client groups, such as young, traumatized, or non-verbal clients.

Course usage information

SW-266   Spirituality and Social WorkCredits: 3   

Prerequisite: SW-105 or PY-103 or SW-205 .

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): None

Explores spirituality as it broadly relates to the profession of social work. Holistic concepts under the definition of spirituality will be explored. The many ways spirituality can be used in social work practice settings will be discussed. Methods of spiritual practice and approaches to healing will be covered. Spirituality will be differentiated from formal religion.

Course usage information

SW-276   Administration of Gerontological ServicesCredits: 3   

Term Offered: Spring Term

Course Type(s): None

The examination of the theory and practice of the administration of programs designed to meet the needs of older adults, with an emphasis on structure of organizations, impact of public policies and funding patterns on agencies, styles of administration, development and presentation of a budget, management of public information, and relationships with other gerontological agencies.

Course usage information

SW-278   Family ViolenceCredits: 3   

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

The characteristics and dynamics of violent families. Emphasis on the issue of domestic violence as it relates to cultural values and beliefs. Myths, motivations, and linkages to substance abuse will be addressed, as well as appropriate interventions and treatment methods.

Course usage information

SW-280   Peer TutoringCredits: 1   

Prerequisite: The student must have already taken the 100- or 200-level course he or she is to be tutoring and achieved a minimum grade of "B" in the course.

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

Peer tutoring experience. Students will prepare course-related information for presentation to students in courses at the 100 or 200 levels. Tutors will meet weekly with a faculty supervisor and assigned students. Permission of the instructor required.

Course usage information

SW-298   Special Topics in Social Work (200 Level)Credits: 1-3   

Prerequisite: As announced in the course schedule.

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

An intensive study of a particular subject or problem in social work to be announced prior to registration. May be conducted on either a lecture-discussion or a seminar basis.

Course usage information

SW-299   Independent Study in Social WorkCredits: 3   

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

Directed individual study of social work in areas of special interest.

Course usage information

SW-317   Racism, Sexism, and Social WelfareCredits: 3   

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): CD, GS

Analysis of institutional racism and sexism in relation to social welfare; the nature of social work intervention with racial and ethnic minorities and women.

Course usage information

SW-325   Social Welfare Policy and Services ICredits: 3   

Prerequisite: PS-101 or PS-103 .

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): None

The values and norms that underlie social welfare services; the historical roots of current approaches to social services; the manifest and latent functions of social welfare; political and economic forces that shape social welfare policy and services.

Course usage information

SW-326   Social Welfare Policy and Services IICredits: 3   

Prerequisites: SW-325 ; and EN-102 or EN-102 or permission of the instructor.

Term Offered: Spring Term

Course Type(s): WT

Dimensions of choice in social welfare policy design; eligibility for service; structures, staffing, and funding for services; theoretical material related to current developments and services in the field.

Course usage information

SW-330   Field Practice in GerontologyCredits: 3   

Prerequisites: SW-105 and SW-223 .

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

Designed to provide students with an actual learning experience in an agency or organization specializing in gerontological services. Students will be supervised by a specialist in aging and will become familiar with agency functions and services serving the aging client and client’s extended family. Students will observe and, later in the semester, begin to provide service under supervision. Eight hours per week in placement and a weekly seminar at the University.

Course usage information

SW-332   Gender and Sexual IdentitiesCredits: 3   

Prerequisite: SO-101 .

Term Offered: Spring Term

Course Type(s): CD, GS, SI, SJS

Draws on sociological and feminist theories of identity to question the definitions, constructions, deconstructions, ambivalences, and socially constructed nature of gender and sexual identities. In questioning such identities, this course aims at helping students understand the connections between gender and sexuality, and how those two social forces shape people’s individual identities and the identities of others. The course examines how structure of race, class, gender, and sexuality, and social institutions such as family and work shape gender and sexual identities. It pays particular attention to how one’s social location within power structures shapes personal identities. Also listed as SO-332 .

Course usage information

SW-341   Social Work Practice with GroupsCredits: 3   

Prerequisite: SW-223 passed with a grade of C or higher.

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): EX5

Methods and skills utilized in generalist social work practice; major methods of social work intervention with individuals, groups, and communities using case analysis and theoretical concepts. Previously listed as SW-413.

Course usage information

SW-342   Social Work Practice with Individuals and FamiliesCredits: 3   

Prerequisites: SW-105 and SW-223 ; both passed with a grade of C or higher.

Corequisite: SW-342L .

Term Offered: Spring Term

Course Type(s): EX5

Methods and skills utilized in generalist social work practice; major methods of social work intervention with individuals, groups, and communities using case analysis and theoretical concepts.

Course usage information

SW-342L   Social Work Practice with Individuals and Families LabCredits: 1   

Prerequisite: SW-223 .

Corequisite: SW-342 .

Term Offered: Spring Term

Course Type(s): None

Designed to provide students with a hands-on experience with the assessment skills and tools taught in Social Work Practice with Individuals and Families class ( SW-342 ). Students will become familiar with videotaping equipment and will develop strong assessment skills to be used with clients in the field. For Social Work majors only.

Course usage information

SW-344   Social Work Practice with CommunitiesCredits: 3   

Prerequisite: SW-224 .

Term Offered: Spring Term

Course Type(s): None

Examines conceptual models of community social work; development of skills to help promote social change.

Course usage information

SW-371   International Service SeminarCredits: 3   

Prerequisite: PS-101 .

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): EX5

Students will learn to unite theory and practice by studying theories and policies based on human security, and learning about their applications through service-learning projects. Students will enhance their understanding of human security by volunteering in international, community organizations and reflecting on the social, political, and economic factors and policies that affect them. Also listed as PS-371 , AN-371 and SO-371 .

Course usage information

SW-383   Migration and Intercultural CooperationCredits: 3   

Term Offered: Summer Term

Course Type(s): GU, RE

Students will become familiar with issues and strategies to deal with immigrant populations effectively. Discussions will be directed towards increasing intercultural cooperation, respect for the principle of peaceful co-existence, and diversity as a strength for economic growth and societal progress. Emphasis will also be given to the theories related to ethnicity, race, culture, and geographic location of the origin of immigrant populations. Special attention will be given to the diverse issues that arise from the varied cultural backgrounds of immigrants and refugees. Students will learn skills related to culturally appropriate and tailored interventions. Experiential learning will be utilized. Prepares students using a strength-based empowerment approach to effectively utilize required resources serving the needs of diverse, immigrant populations.

Course usage information

SW-398   Special Topics in Social Work (300 Level)Credits: 1-3   

Prerequisite: As announced in the course schedule.

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

An intensive study of a particular subject or problem in social work to be announced prior to registration. May be conducted on either a lecture-discussion or a seminar basis.

Course usage information

SW-399   Independent Study in Social WorkCredits: 1-3   

Prerequisite: Prior permission of the directing professor and department chair.

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

Directed individual study of social work in areas of special interest.

Course usage information

SW-409   Social Work Research MethodsCredits: 3   

Prerequisites: EN-101 and EN-102 .

Corequisite: SW-421 .

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): WT

Basic skills necessary for Social Work research: problem formulation, theoretical framework development, research design, methods of data collection, evaluation techniques, and data analysis.

Course usage information

SW-411   Data Analysis for Social WorkCredits: 3   

Prerequisite: MA-105 .

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

Introduction to the basic knowledge and skills necessary for the analysis of data collected or reported in social work research. Preparation for the social work practitioner to assess the adequacy of statistical procedures and to appropriately choose statistical procedures to make order out of data collected within their own research. Not open to students who have successfully completed MA-151 . Limited to Social Work majors.

Course usage information

SW-412   Practice Evaluation in Social WorkCredits: 3   

Prerequisites: SW-409 , SW-411 or MA-151 , Senior standing; and EN-101 and EN-102 .

Corequisite: SW-422 .

Term Offered: Spring Term

Course Type(s): None

Applications of research methods to social work practice. Using skills in practice evaluation, advanced research in single-system design will be conducted.

Course usage information

SW-421   Field Practice in Social WorkCredits: 6   

Prerequisites: SW-342 and SW-344 , both passed with a grade of C or higher.

Corequisite: SW-409 .

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): EX5

Supervised experience in a social agency; direct work with individuals, groups, or communities; preparation for professional responsibility upon graduation. Sixteen hours per week in placement and a weekly seminar at the University.

Course usage information

SW-422   Advanced Field Practice in Social WorkCredits: 6   

Prerequisite: SW-421 passed with a grade of B- or higher.

Corequisite: SW-412 .

Term Offered: Spring Term

Course Type(s): EX5

Advanced field practice; direct services to individual clients, families, groups, and communities, with the possibility of administrative experiences. Sixteen hours per week in placement and a weekly seminar at the University.

Course usage information

SW-424   New Perspectives on Human SexualityCredits: 3   

Prerequisites: Nine combined credits from Social Work, Sociology, Psychology or Anthropology.

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

Recent research and developments in the field of human sexuality focusing on individual and social problems.

Course usage information

SW-426   Seminar in Social WorkCredits: 3   

Prerequisites: SW-421 and Senior standing.

Term Offered: Spring Term

Course Type(s): None

Seminar focusing on topics of particular interest to Social Work students planning to enter practice or graduate school.

Course usage information

SW-461   Culturally Diverse Child Welfare PracticesCredits: 3   

Term Offered: Fall Term

Course Type(s): CD, RE

Provides an understanding of the context from which the practice of child welfare originates, examining the impact of policy upon the direct care of children at risk. Contemporary issues that face children at risk such as sexual abuse, neglect, physical abuse, poverty, and maternal substance abuse are covered, as well as recommended services and treatment that address these concerns. Public child welfare in New Jersey will be of central focus, including the impact and changes of the system’s reform plan. In addition, issues of cultural diversity and cultural difference in child welfare practices and child rearing behaviors will be reviewed, with a focus on how the child welfare system could better infuse diversity of experience in policy and practice.

Course usage information

SW-498   Special Topics in Social Work (400 Level)Credits: 1-3   

Prerequisite: As announced in the course schedule.

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

An intensive study of a particular subject or problem in social work to be announced prior to registration. May be conducted on either a lecture-discussion or a seminar basis.

Course usage information

SW-499   Independent Study in Social WorkCredits: 1-3   

Prerequisite: Prior permission of the directing professor and department chair.

Term Offered: All Terms

Course Type(s): None

Directed individual study of social work in areas of special interest.

Print Options
Send Page to Printer

Print this page.

Download PDF of this page

The PDF will include all information unique to this page.

Download the Complete 2018-2019 PDF Catalogs
  • Undergraduate
  • Graduate

Cancel

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

School of Social Work

 

About the University
About the School
Centers
Degree Programs
Continuing Education and Professional Development
Professional Credit Courses (Nonmatriculated)
Financial Aid
Student Associations
Academic Policies and Procedures
Course Listings
Administration and Faculty
Field Agencies
Divisions of the University
Camden
Newark
New Brunswick/Piscataway
Catalogs
Search School of Social Work
2016–2018 Catalog

  School of Social Work 2016-2018 

School of Social Work

Welcome to the School of Social Work 2016–2018 catalog. The links to the left will help you navigate through the catalog. To go straight to degree programs, click the links below.

Baccalaureate Program (B.A.S.W.)
Master of Social Work Program (M.S.W)
Doctorate in Social Work (D.S.W.)
Doctoral Program (Ph.D.)

Additional programs:

Continuing Education and Professional Development
Professional Credit Courses (Nonmatriculated)

For general information about academic services, athletics, bookstores, career services, computing, grades, health centers, hours for classes, IDs, registration, safety, summer/winter session, university life, or visiting Rutgers, visit the Information for Current Students at Rutgers University–New Brunswick page or call RU-info at 732-445-info (4636).

For information on the following subjects, use the links provided.

School of Social Work
Academic Calendar
Admissions
Alumni
Center for Global Services
Dining Services
Educational Opportunity Fund (EOF) Program
Financial Aid
GradFund
Housing
International Student and Scholar Services
Libraries
Parking and Transportation
School of Social Work Office of Student Affairs
Student Affairs
Tuition and Fees
Veterans Services

IMPORTANT NOTICE
The university reserves the right for any reason to cancel or modify any course or program listed herein. In addition, individual course offerings and programs may vary from year to year as circumstances dictate.

 For additional information, contact RU-info at 732-932-info (4636) or colonelhenry.rutgers.edu .

Comments and corrections to: Campus Information Services .

� 2017 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. All rights reserved.

research paper on cloud computing in ieee format

IEEE - Advancing Technology for Humanity

The world’s largest technical professional
organization for the advancement of technology

  • IEEE Sites

  • About

    • Mission and vision

    • IEEE Strategic Plan

    • Organization of IEEE

    • Ethics and Compliance

    • History of IEEE

    • Newsroom

    • Annual Report

    • Financials and statistics

    • Volunteer resources

    • IEEE Future Directions

    • IEEE at a glance

    IEEE and its members inspire a global community to innovate for a better tomorrow through highly cited publications, conferences, technology standards, and professional and educational activities. IEEE is the trusted “voice” for engineering, computing, and technology information around the globe.
    What do you want to do?
    Select an option


    • Select an option

    • Get the latest news

    • Access volunteer resources (Code of Ethics, financial forms, tools and templates, and more)

    • Find IEEE locations

    • Get help from the IEEE Support Center

    • Recover your IEEE Account username and password

    • Learn about the IEEE Awards program and submit nomination

    • View IEEE’s organizational structure and leadership

    • Apply for jobs at IEEE

    • See the history of IEEE

    Go

  • Membership

    • Join IEEE

    • Join an IEEE Society

    • Renew IEEE membership

    • Member benefits

    • IEEE Contact Center

    • Connect locally

    • IEEE Collabratec™

    • Memberships and Subscriptions Catalog

    • Member insurance and discounts

    • Senior

    • Member Grade Elevation

    IEEE membership offers access to technical innovation, cutting-edge information, networking opportunities, and exclusive member benefits. Members support IEEE’s mission to advance technology for humanity and the profession, while memberships build a platform to introduce careers in technology to students around the world.
    What do you want to do?
    Select an option


    • Select an option

    • Access your Account

    • Learn about membership dues

    • Learn about Women in Engineering (WIE)

    • Access IEEE member email

    • Find information on IEEE Fellows

    • Access the IEEE member directory

    • Learn about the Member-Get-a-Member program

    • Learn about IEEE Potentials magazine

    • Learn about Student membership

    Go

    Join IEEE

    Join an IEEE Society

  • Communities

    • IEEE Societies

    • Technical Councils

    • Technical Communities

    • Geographic Activities

    • Working groups

    • IEEE Regions

    • Affinity groups

    • IEEE Collabratec™

    As the world’s largest technical professional organization, IEEE offers a number of ways to get involved with technical and local communities. These communities are active participants in research and authorship, conferences, and important conversations about today’s most relevant technical topics locally and globally.

     

    What do you want to do?
    Select an option


    • Select an option

    • Join an IEEE Society

    • See IEEE Unit Treasurer responsibilities

    • See the IEEE Regions

    • View the MGA Operations Manual

    • Find information on IEEE Technical Activities

    • Get IEEE Chapter resources

    • Find IEEE Sections, Chapters, Student Branches, and other communities

    • Learn how to create an IEEE Student Chapter

    Go

  • Conferences

    • Upcoming conferences

    • IEEE Meetings, Conferences & Events (MCE)

    • Conference Organizer Portal

    • IEEE Conference Application

    • IEEE Conference Organizer Education Program

    • See benefits of authoring a conference paper

    IEEE sponsors more than 1,800 annual conferences and events worldwide, curating cutting-edge content for all of the technical fields of interest within IEEE. Use the IEEE conference search to find the right conference for you to share and discuss innovation and interact with your community.

    What do you want to do?
    Select an option


    • Select an option

    • Search for 2018 conferences

    • Search for 2019 conferences

    • Find conference organizer resources

    • Register a conference

    • Publish conference papers

    • Manage conference finances

    • Learn about IEEE Meetings, Conferences & Events (MCE)

    Go

  • Standards

    • Find standards

    • Develop standards

    • Get involved with standards

    • Standards news and events

    • About the IEEE Standards Association

    • Buy standards

    • Standards Association eTools

    With an active portfolio of nearly 1,300 standards and projects under development, IEEE is a leading developer of industry standards in a broad range of technologies that drive the functionality, capabilities, and interoperability of a wide range of products and services, transforming how people live, work, and communicate.

    What do you want to do?
    Select an option


    • Select an option

    • Find information on IEEE 802.11™

    • Access the National Electrical Safety Code® (NESC®)

    • Find MAC, OUI, and Ethernet addresses from Registration Authority (regauth)

    • Find the Internet of Things architecture standard

    • Get free IEEE standards

    • Learn more about the IEEE Standards Association

    • View Software and Systems Engineering Standards

    Go

  • Publications

    • IEEE Xplore® Digital Library

    • Subscription options

    • IEEE Spectrum

    • The Institute

    • Proceedings of the IEEE

    • IEEE Access®

    • Author resources

    • IEEE Collabratec™

    • Book Publication at IEEE

    IEEE provides a wide range of quality publications that make the exchange of technical knowledge and information possible among technology professionals. This essential content, categorized below, is delivered through the IEEE Xplore® Digital Library.

    What do you want to do?
    Select an option


    • Select an option

    • Get an IEEE Xplore Digital Library trial for IEEE members

    • Review impact factors of IEEE journals

    • Download the IEEE thesaurus and taxonomy (PDF, 319 KB)

    • Access the IEEE copyright form (PDF, 193 KB)

    • Find article templates in Word and LATEX formats

    • Get author education resources

    • Visit the IEEE Xplore Digital Library

    • Find Author Digital Tools for IEEE paper submission

    • Review the IEEE plagiarism policy

    • Get information about all stages of publishing with IEEE

    Go

  • Education

    • IEEE eLearning Library

    • Standards University

    • IEEE Certificates Program

    • IEEE-Eta Kappa Nu

    IEEE offers a wide range of learning and career enhancement opportunities within the engineering sciences, research, and other technology areas. The goal of these programs is to ensure the growth of skill and knowledge among professionals and to foster individual commitment to continuing education among IEEE members, the engineering and scientific community, and the general public.

    What do you want to do?
    Select an option


    • Select an option

    • Find IEEE-HKN information

    • Access the TryEngineering.org portal

    • Access IEEE elearning courses

    • Learn about available IEEE certificates

    • Get resources for final-year engineering projects

    • See university program resources

    • See pre-university program resources

    • Find career resources

    Go

JOIN IEEE

Home
  > 

Memberships & Services
  > 

Memberships & Subscriptions Catalog

 
 

  • The product you requested is not available.

 

About IEEE

IEEE is the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity.

  • Learn more about IEEE

  • IEEE Mission & Vision

Membership
  • Join

  • Renew

  • Benefits

  • IEEE Collabratec

Get involved
  • Conferences

  • Local activities

  • Publishing

  • Societies

  • Councils

  • Standards

  • Technical careers

  • Volunteer

Connect with IEEE

Contact & Support

  • IEEE Collabratec

  • Careers at IEEE

  • IEEE Newsroom

  • IEEE Media Kit

Locations

IEEE has a global presence with seven offices internationally.

  • IEEE office locations


top of page

  • Home

  • Sitemap

  • Contact & Support

  • Accessibility

  • Nondiscrimination Policy

  • IEEE Privacy Policy

  • Feedback

© Copyright 2018 IEEE – All rights reserved. Use of this website signifies your agreement to the  IEEE Terms and Conditions .
A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology 
for the benefit of humanity.

DCSIMG

Skip to Main Content

  • IEEE.org
  • IEEE Xplore Digital Library
  • IEEE-SA
  • IEEE Spectrum
  • More Sites
  • Cart (0)

  • Create Account
  • Personal Sign In

Institutional Sign In

  • Browse

    • Books
    • Conferences
    • Courses
    • Journals & Magazines
    • Standards
    • Topics

      • Aerospace
      • Bioengineering
      • Communication, Networking & Broadcasting
      • Components, Circuits, Devices & Systems
      • Computing & Processing
      • Engineered Materials, Dielectrics & Plasmas
      • Engineering Profession
      • Fields, Waves & Electromagnetics
      • Free Tutorials
      • General Topics for Engineers
      • Geoscience
      • Nuclear Engineering
      • Photonics & Electro-Optics
      • Power, Energy, & Industry Applications
      • Robotics & Control Systems
      • Signal Processing & Analysis
      • Transportation
  • My Settings

    • Content Alerts
    • Search Alerts
    • MyXplore App
    • Preferences
    • Purchase History
    • Search History
    • What can I access?
  • Get Help

    • Feedback
    • Technical Support
    • Resources and Help
  • Subscribe


Advanced Search
Other Search Options

  • Command Search
  • Citation Search
  • Search Alerts
  • Search History

Browse Journals & Magazines >

IEEE Transactions on Cloud Com

Volume 6

Issue 2

  • Add Journal To My Alerts

  • RSS

IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing

  • Home
  • Popular
  • Early Access
  • Current Issue
  • Past Issues
  • About Journal
  • Submit Your Manuscript
    • 2010s

    • 2013
    • 2014
    • 2015
    • 2016
    • 2017
    • 2018

    • Vol: 6

      Issue: 1

    • Vol: 5

      Issue: 1

    • Vol: 5

      Issue: 2

    • Vol: 5

      Issue: 3

    • Vol: 5

      Issue: 4

    • Vol: 4

      Issue: 1

    • Vol: 4

      Issue: 2

    • Vol: 4

      Issue: 3

    • Vol: 4

      Issue: 4

    • Vol: 3

      Issue: 1

    • Vol: 3

      Issue: 2

    • Vol: 3

      Issue: 3

    • Vol: 3

      Issue: 4

    • Vol: 2

      Issue: 1

    • Vol: 2

      Issue: 2

    • Vol: 2

      Issue: 3

    • Vol: 2

      Issue: 4

    • Vol: 1

      Issue: 1

    • Vol: 1

      Issue: 2

      • 2010s

      • 2013
      • 2014
      • 2015
      • 2016
      • 2017
      • 2018

      • Vol: 6

        Issue: 1

      • Vol: 6

        Issue: 2

      • Vol: 5

        Issue: 1

      • Vol: 5

        Issue: 2

      • Vol: 5

        Issue: 3

      • Vol: 5

        Issue: 4

      • Vol: 4

        Issue: 1

      • Vol: 4

        Issue: 2

      • Vol: 4

        Issue: 3

      • Vol: 4

        Issue: 4

      • Vol: 3

        Issue: 1

      • Vol: 3

        Issue: 2

      • Vol: 3

        Issue: 3

      • Vol: 3

        Issue: 4

      • Vol: 2

        Issue: 1

      • Vol: 2

        Issue: 2

      • Vol: 2

        Issue: 3

      • Vol: 2

        Issue: 4

      • Vol: 1

        Issue: 1

      • Vol: 1

        Issue: 2

      Issue 2

      1 April-June 2018

      • Purchase PDF
      • Other Formats
      The purchase and pricing options for this item are unavailable. Select items are only available as part of a subscription package. You may try again later or contact us for more information.

      No additional formats available for this document.

      • Already Purchased?
      • Subscription Options

      Sponsor

      Filter Results




      <script type=text/javascript>//<![CDATA[new Ajax.Autocompleter(swr_query, search_within_suggestions, /search/typeahead, paramName: searchRefinementTerm, frequency: 1.0, minChars: 3, method: get, parameters: encodeURI(filter=issueId EQ 8372844) + &searchRefinementId=TypeAheadTerms, afterUpdateElement: searchWithin );//]]></script>

      Author

      Clear this field to reset the list of Authors to its initial state

      You have selected:

        Affiliation

        Clear this field to reset the list of Affiliations to its initial state

        You have selected:


          Displaying Results 1 – 23 of 23

          • Download Citation
          • Export
          • Email Selected
            Results
          • Print
          • Guest Editor’s Introduction to the Special Issue on Security and Privacy on Clouds


            Meikang Qiu

            ;


            Sun-Yuan Kung

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):301 – 302



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            PDF file iconPDF  (134 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            Freely Available from IEEE

          • DROPS: Division and Replication of Data in Cloud for Optimal Performance and Security


            Mazhar Ali

            ;


            Kashif Bilal

            ;


            Samee U. Khan

            ;


            Bharadwaj Veeravalli

            ;


            Keqin Li

            ;


            Albert Y. Zomaya

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):303 – 315

            Cited by: 

            Papers (6)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1043 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            Outsourcing data to a third-party administrative control, as is done in cloud computing, gives rise to security concerns. The data compromise may occur due to attacks by other users and nodes within the cloud. Therefore, high security measures are required to protect data within the cloud. However, the employed security strategy must also take into account the optimization of the data retrieval ti…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Towards Privacy Preserving Publishing of Set-Valued Data on Hybrid Cloud


            Hongli Zhang

            ;


            Zhigang Zhou

            ;


            Lin Ye

            ;


            Xiaojiang Du

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):316 – 329

            Cited by: 

            Papers (3)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (884 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            Storage as a service has become an important paradigm in cloud computing for its great flexibility and economic savings. However, the development is hampered by data privacy concerns: data owners no longer physically possess the storage of their data. In this work, we study the issue of privacy-preserving set-valued data publishing. Existing data privacy-preserving techniques (such as encryption, …
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Model-Based Thermal Anomaly Detection in Cloud Datacenters Using Thermal Imaging


            Eun Kyung Lee

            ;


            Hariharasudhan Viswanathan

            ;


            Dario Pompili

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):330 – 343



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1421 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            The growing importance, large scale, and high server density of high-performance computing datacenters make them prone to attacks, misconfigurations, and failures (of the cooling as well as of the computing infrastructure). Such unexpected events often lead to thermal anomalies – hotspots, fugues, and coldspots – which impact the cost of operation of datacenters. A model-based thermal anomaly dete…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • A Lightweight Secure Data Sharing Scheme for Mobile Cloud Computing


            RUIXUAN LI

            ;


            Chenglin Shen

            ;


            Heng He

            ;


            Xiwu Gu

            ;


            Zhiyong Xu

            ;


            Cheng-Zhong Xu

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):344 – 357

            Cited by: 

            Papers (1)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (976 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            With the popularity of cloud computing, mobile devices can store/retrieve personal data from anywhere at any time. Consequently, the data security problem in mobile cloud becomes more and more severe and prevents further development of mobile cloud. There are substantial studies that have been conducted to improve the cloud security. However, most of them are not applicable for mobile cloud since …
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • A Classification and Comparison Framework for Cloud Service Brokerage Architectures


            Frank Fowley

            ;


            Claus Pahl

            ;


            Pooyan Jamshidi

            ;


            Daren Fang

            ;


            Xiaodong Liu

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):358 – 371

            Cited by: 

            Papers (1)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (591 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            Cloud service brokerage and related management and marketplace concepts have been identified as key concerns for future cloud technology development and research. Cloud service management is an important building block of cloud architectures that can be extended to act as a broker service layer between consumers and providers, and even to form marketplace services. We present a three-pronged class…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • CypherDB: A Novel Architecture for Outsourcing Secure Database Processing


            Bony H.K. Chen

            ;


            Paul Y.S. Cheung

            ;


            Peter Y.K. Cheung

            ;


            Yu-Kwong Kwok

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):372 – 386



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1757 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            CypherDB addresses the problem of protecting the confidentiality of database stored externally in a cloud and enabling efficient computation over it to thwart any curious-but-honest cloud computing service provider. It works by encrypting the entire outsourced database and executing queries over the encrypted data using our novel CypherDB secure processor architecture. To optimize computational ef…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Assurance of Security and Privacy Requirements for Cloud Deployment Models


            Shareeful Islam

            ;


            Moussa Ouedraogo

            ;


            Christos Kalloniatis

            ;


            Haralambos Mouratidis

            ;


            Stefanos Gritzalis

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):387 – 400

            Cited by: 

            Papers (3)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1907 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            Despite of the several benefits of migrating enterprise critical assets to the cloud, there are challenges specifically related to security and privacy. It is important that cloud users understand their security and privacy needs, based on their specific context and select cloud model best fit to support these needs. The literature provides works that focus on discussing security and privacy issue…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Statistical Learning for Anomaly Detection in Cloud Server Systems: A Multi-Order Markov Chain Framework


            Wenyao Sha

            ;


            Yongxin Zhu

            ;


            Min Chen

            ;


            Tian Huang

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):401 – 413

            Cited by: 

            Papers (3)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1232 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            As a major strategy to ensure the safety of IT infrastructure, anomaly detection plays a more important role in cloud computing platform which hosts the entire applications and data. On top of the classic Markov chain model, we proposed in this paper a feasible multi-order Markov chain based framework for anomaly detection. In this approach, both the high-order Markov chain and multivariate time s…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Audit-Free Cloud Storage via Deniable Attribute-Based Encryption


            Po-Wen Chi

            ;


            Chin-Laung Lei

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):414 – 427

            Cited by: 

            Papers (1)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (385 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            Cloud storage services have become increasingly popular. Because of the importance of privacy, many cloud storage encryption schemes have been proposed to protect data from those who do not have access. All such schemes assumed that cloud storage providers are safe and cannot be hacked; however, in practice, some authorities (i.e., coercers) may force cloud storage providers to reveal user secrets…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Probabilistic Optimization of Resource Distribution and Encryption for Data Storage in the Cloud


            José Marcio Luna

            ;


            Chaouki T. Abdallah

            ;


            Gregory L. Heileman

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):428 – 439



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1078 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            In this paper, we develop a decentralized probabilistic method for performance optimization of cloud services. We focus on Infrastructure-as-a-Service where the user is provided with the ability of configuring virtual resources on demand in order to satisfy specific computational requirements. This novel approach is strongly supported by a theoretical framework based on tail probabilities and samp…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Chaotic Searchable Encryption for Mobile Cloud Storage


            Abir Awad

            ;


            Adrian Matthews

            ;


            Yuansong Qiao

            ;


            Brian Lee

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):440 – 452

            Cited by: 

            Papers (1)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (594 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            This paper considers the security problem of outsourcing storage from user devices to the cloud. A secure searchable encryption scheme is presented to enable searching of encrypted user data in the cloud. The scheme simultaneously supports fuzzy keyword searching and matched results ranking, which are two important factors in facilitating practical searchable encryption. A chaotic fuzzy transforma…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Space-Efficient Verifiable Secret Sharing Using Polynomial Interpolation


            Massimo Cafaro

            ;


            Piergiuseppe Pellè

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):453 – 463



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (258 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            Preserving data confidentiality in clouds is a key issue. Secret Sharing, a cryptographic primitive for the distribution of a secret among a group of n participants designed so that only subsets of shareholders of cardinality 0 <; t ≤ n are allowed to reconstruct the secret by pooling their shares, can help mitigating and minimizing the problem. A desirable feature of Secret Sharing schemes is …
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • CSR: Classified Source Routing in Distributed Networks


            Yiming Zhang

            ;


            Dongsheng Li

            ;


            Zhigang Sun

            ;


            Feng Zhao

            ;


            Jinshu Su

            ;


            Xicheng Lu

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):464 – 477

            Cited by: 

            Papers (3)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (733 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            In recent years cloud computing provides a new way to address the constraints of limited energy, capabilities, and resources. Distributed hash table (DHT) based distributed networks have become increasingly important for efficient communication in large-scale cloud systems. Previous studies mainly focus on improving the performance such as latency, scalability and robustness, but seldom consider t…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Architectural Protection of Application Privacy against Software and Physical Attacks in Untrusted Cloud Environment


            Lei Xu

            ;


            JongHyuk Lee

            ;


            Seung Hun Kim

            ;


            Qingji Zheng

            ;


            Shouhuai Xu

            ;


            Taeweon Suh

            ;


            Won Woo Ro

            ;


            Weidong Shi

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):478 – 491



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1949 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            In cloud computing, it is often assumed that cloud vendors are trusted; the guest Operating System (OS) and the Virtual Machine Monitor (VMM, also called Hypervisor) are secure. However, these assumptions are not always true in practice and existing approaches cannot protect the data privacy of applications when none of these parties are trusted. We investigate how to cope with a strong threat mod…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Three-Server Swapping for Access Confidentiality


            Sabrina De Capitani di Vimercati

            ;


            Sara Foresti

            ;


            Stefano Paraboschi

            ;


            Gerardo Pelosi

            ;


            Pierangela Samarati

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):492 – 505

            Cited by: 

            Papers (2)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1433 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            We propose an approach to protect confidentiality of data and accesses to them when data are stored and managed by external providers, and hence not under direct control of their owner. Our approach is based on the use of distributed data allocation among three independent servers and on a dynamic re-allocation of data at every access. Dynamic re-allocation is enforced by swapping data involved in…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • A Holistic Approach for Distributed Dimensionality Reduction of Big Data


            Liwei Kuang

            ;


            Laurence T. Yang

            ;


            Jinjun Chen

            ;


            Fei Hao

            ;


            Changqing Luo

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):506 – 518

            Cited by: 

            Papers (1)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1450 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            With the exponential growth of data volume, big data have placed an unprecedented burden on current computing infrastructure. Dimensionality reduction of big data attracts a great deal of attention in recent years as an efficient method to extract the core data which is smaller to store and faster to process. This paper aims at addressing the three fundamental problems closely related to distribut…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • An Algorithm for Finding the Minimum Cost of Storing and Regenerating Datasets in Multiple Clouds


            Dong Yuan

            ;


            Lizhen Cui

            ;


            Wenhao Li

            ;


            Xiao Liu

            ;


            Yun Yang

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):519 – 531



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1602 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            The proliferation of cloud computing allows users to flexibly store, re-compute or transfer large generated datasets with multiple cloud service providers. However, due to the pay-as-you-go model, the total cost of using cloud services depends on the consumption of storage, computation and bandwidth resources which are three key factors for the cost of IaaS-based cloud resources. In order to reduc…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Cloud-Based Fine-Grained Health Information Access Control Framework for LightweightIoT Devices with Dynamic Auditing andAttribute Revocation


            Lo-Yao Yeh

            ;


            Pei-Yu Chiang

            ;


            Yi-Lang Tsai

            ;


            Jiun-Long Huang

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):532 – 544

            Cited by: 

            Papers (1)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1068 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            The eHealth trend has spread globally. Internet of Things (IoT) devices for medical service and pervasive Personal Health Information (PHI) systems play important roles in the eHealth environment. A cloud-based PHI system appears promising but raises privacy and information security concerns. We propose a cloud-based fine-grained health information access control framework for lightweight IoT devi…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Converged Network-Cloud Service Composition with End-to-End Performance Guarantee


            Jun Huang

            ;


            Qiang Duan

            ;


            Song Guo

            ;


            Yuhong Yan

            ;


            Shui Yu

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):545 – 557

            Cited by: 

            Papers (4)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1005 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            The crucial role of networking in cloud computing calls for federated management of both computing and networking resources for end-to-end service provisioning. Application of the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) in both cloud computing and networking enables a convergence of network and cloud service provisioning. One of the key challenges to high performance converged network-cloud service pr…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Efficient Skew Handling for Outer Joins in a Cloud Computing Environment


            Long Cheng

            ;


            Spyros Kotoulas

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):558 – 571

            Cited by: 

            Papers (1)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (833 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            Outer joins are ubiquitous in many workloads and Big Data systems. The question of how to best execute outer joins in large parallel systems is particularly challenging, as real world datasets are characterized by data skew leading to performance issues. Although skew handling techniques have been extensively studied for inner joins, there is little published work solving the corresponding problem…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • Fast and Reliable Restoration Method of Virtual Resources on OpenStack


            Yoji Yamato

            ;


            Yukihisa Nishizawa

            ;


            Shinji Nagao

            ;


            Kenichi Sato

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):572 – 583

            Cited by: 

            Papers (7)



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (1370 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            We propose a fast and reliable restoration method of virtual resources on OpenStack when physical servers or virtual machines are down. Many providers have recently started cloud services, and the use of OpenStack, which is open source IaaS software, is increasing. When physical servers are down, there is a fail-over method using the high-availability cluster software such as Pacemaker to restore …
            View full abstract»

            Open Access

          • RASP-Boost: Confidential Boosting-Model Learning with Perturbed Data in the Cloud


            Keke Chen

            ;


            Shumin Guo

            Publication Year: 2018, Page(s):584 – 597



            Request permission for commercial reuse

            |

            Click to expandAbstract |

            PDF file iconPDF  (659 KB)

            HTML iconHTML

            Mining large data requires intensive computing resources and data mining expertise, which might be unavailable for many users. With widely available cloud computing resources, data mining tasks can now be moved to the cloud or outsourced to third parties to save costs. In this new paradigm, data and model confidentiality becomes the major concern to the data owner. Data owners have to understand t…
            View full abstract»

            Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

          • View and add to file cabinet
            -1 Downloads remaining
            Don’t show this message again today

            DOCUMENT ADDED TO FILE CABINET

            Please contact your
            administrator to renew your subscription.

            Purchase Now




            2500 characters remaining

          Aims & Scope

          The IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing (TCC) is a scholarly journal dedicated to the multidisciplinary field of cloud computing.

          Full Aims & Scope

          Meet Our Editors

          Editor-in-Chief

          Hui Lei

          IBM

          1101 Kitchawan Road

          Yorktown Heights, NY 10598

          [email protected]

          Further Links

          Submit Your Manuscript
          More About this Journal

          IEEE Account

          • Change Username/Password
          • Update Address

          Purchase Details

          • Payment Options
          • Order History
          • View Purchased Documents

          Profile Information

          • Communications Preferences
          • Profession and Education
          • Technical Interests

          Need Help?

          • US & Canada: +1 800 678 4333
          • Worldwide: +1 732 981 0060
          • Contact & Support

          • About IEEE Xplore
          • Contact Us
          • Help
          • Accessibility
          • Terms of Use
          • Nondiscrimination Policy
          • Sitemap
          • Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

          A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity.
          © Copyright 2018 IEEE – All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.

          paprika movie full english dub
















          О сервисе
          Прессе
          Правообладателям
          Авторам
          Рекламодателям
          Разработчикам
          +YouTube

          Условия использования
          Конфиденциальность
          Правила и безопасность
          Новые функции

          © 2018 YouTube, LLC


          Подать запрос на изменение контента в связи с нарушением законодательства можно на этой странице .

          Press J to jump to the feed. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts

          log in sign up Visit Old Reddit

          r/

          anime

          Posts Old Reddit Rules

          Wiki
          Index FAAQ AMAs Events Rewatches Watch Order Recommendations Related Subreddits Related Websites

          9

          Posted by

          u/Thequestion0

          1 year ago

          Archived

          Paprika: Sub or Dub

          I'm going to watch Paprika, and I wanted to know which version to go on. Since this film heavily uses visuals, dubs would allow me to focus 100% on the film, but I wanted to know if it actually good or I should just stick with the sub.

          11 comments

          91% Upvoted
          This thread is archived
          New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast
          Sort by

          level 1

          VincoP

          9 points · 1 year ago

          The dub was good. Next to the story and animation and music, it's worth watching again for both dubs. I'd say flip a coin to see which one to watch first, or just go to subs if that's what you're more accustomed to.

          level 1

          cyanceandmagyk

          7 points · 1 year ago

          I watched it subbed and didn't struggle at any point to follow the story. A lot of the time the music and visual cues are far more important than the dialogue IMO

          level 1

          aniMayor

          5 points · 1 year ago

          The dub is good. I definitely recommend it so you can see more of not just the visuals and imagery but the fantastic editing, transitions, etc. It's a real work of art, and you'll want to really see it without hopping back to read all the time!

          level 1

          contraptionfour

          2 points · 1 year ago

          Subs, if only because Megumi Hayashibara plays the lead and most of the visual setpiece scenes aren't really dialogue-heavy anyway. The director also has a cameo voice role in the Japanese dialogue (which he co-wrote) and cast some of his preferred voice actors (Kouichi Yamadera and Toru Emori had both played a role or two for him before for example).

          level 1

          [deleted]

          1 point · 1 year ago

          I wouldn't be as concerned in this case. Like Tekkonkinkreet (spelled it right?) Paprika is more visually oriented than dialogue-driven, so it's a toss-up.

          level 1

          NicolasCageHatesBees

          http://www.anime-planet.com/users/akopczyk

          1 point · 1 year ago

          Haven't seen the dub. The sub was enjoyable though.

          level 1

          shubham_28

          1 point · 1 year ago

          Other than the dialogues, what else is different in the English dub?

          level 1

          tuba_dude07

          http://myanimelist.net/animelist/tuba_dude07

          1 point · 1 year ago

          Do a hit of acid about 10-20 minutes before if you really want to mindfuck yourself. My experience was amazing. I don't remember if we watched it sub or dub though, I was too busy tripping balls to care so either way is great. Great film sober or not.

          level 1

          Lucionario

          -1 points · 1 year ago

          To me a Dub feels taboo, rather hear the original cast.

          Plus mouths not going with words kill me.

          Practice, with time you'll learn to speed read those subs to a point you nearly forget they are there.

          level 2

          rdeyoung8

          1 point · 10 months ago

          you can also practice ignoring bad dub lip syncing. It can be done easily by not looking at the characters mouth.

          level 3

          Lucionario

          2 points · 10 months ago

          x.x. Might as well be looking at subs then! xD

          Community Details

          r/anime

          740k

          Subscribers

          5.3k

          Online

          Reddit's premier anime community.

          Create Post
          AMAs
          Events
          r/anime Rules
          1.
          Everything posted here must be anime-specific
          2.
          Do not post untagged/improperly tagged spoilers
          3.
          Improperly tagged fanart/cosplay/clip
          4.
          No memes, reaction images, restricted content, etc
          5.
          Do not link to illegal content
          6.
          Do not post heavily NSFW content
          7.
          Post meta comments in the monthly megathread.
          8.
          Answered question removal
          9.
          No excessive self-promotion
          10.
          Post Merchandise in Merch Monday Megathread
          Helpful Links
          about careers press
          advertise blog help
          the reddit app reddit gold reddit gifts
          content policy | privacy policy
          user agreement | mod policy
          © 2018 Reddit, Inc. All rights reserved

          lubbock cooper high school bell schedule




          Skip to Main Content
          District Home

          Lubbock High School

          Once a Westerner…Always a Westerner

          GRADEBOOK

            • Standard Response Protocol

              As the school year begins, new safety measures are in place to ensure the safety of students and staff…

              Comments (-1)

            • Back to School

              Back to School information and links…

              Comments (-1)

            • Lubbock ISD Combined Drum Line Marches in July 4 Parade

              Students from Coronado, Estacado, Lubbock and Monterey high schools represented Lubbock ISD…

              Comments (-1)

            • Westerner Places Sixth at National Speech and Debate Tourney

              Comments (-1)

            more

            Latest News

            • Summer Reading Requirements

              Click for required IS, AP, and IB summer reading assignments.

              Comments (-1)

            • LHS Nine National Merit Semifinalists

              National Merit Semifinalists: From L to R: Aiswarya Pillai, Georgeanna Gaines, Amy Yang, Jin Yeo, Soohyun Chae, Andrew Yan, Haoting Huo, Shao-Lon Yeh and Michael Lee

              Comments (-1)

            • WATCH LISD TV ONLINE

              Check out all the wonderful programming on LISD TV…

              Comments (-1)

            Upcoming Events

            • Tomorrow

              Special Called Board of Trustees Meeting

            • Wednesday

              6:00 PM
              Advanced Placement Info Night

            • Thursday

              Board of Trustees Meeting

            • 6:00 PM – 8:00 PM
              Summer Graduation

            • September 3, 2018

              Holiday (Labor Day)

            • September 6, 2018

              12:00 PM – 1:00 PM
              Freshmen Student Council Elections

            View Calendar

            Find It Fast

            Parents

            • Bus Schedules
            • Counselors
            • LHS Bell Schedule
            • Library
            • Meal Calendars
            • Nurse Information
            • Parent Gradebook
            • Sports Schedules
            • Student Code of Conduct
            • Testing Information
            • Trust Line

            Students

            • Bell Schedule
            • Homework Links
              • Homework Help
            • Library
            • Student Code of Conduct
            • Student Gradebook
            • Student Organizations
              • National Honor Society
              • Student Council
              • YEL
            • Summer School Readings
              • English Readings
              • Social Studies Readings
            • Trust Line

            Staff

            • Library
            • Teachers – Digital Resources
            • TEAMS – Gradebook
            • TEAMS Employee Service Center
            • TEKS Resource System (TRS)

            Announcements

            • Daily Announcements

              Comments (-1)

            • Seniors 2019

              If you are interested in your very own parking space, you will need to fill out and return the registration and artwork forms to Lubbock High before July 31, 2018. Cost is $100. Designated painting days are August 1st-4th.

              Comments (-1)

            • SAT Registration

              http://www.collegeboard.org

              Comments (-1)

            Tweets by @lhswesterners

            Lubbock High School

            CLOSE

            CLOSE

            what clarence write in the book wonderful life

            It’s a Wonderful Life

            From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

            Jump to navigation
            Jump to search

            For other uses, see It’s a Wonderful Life (disambiguation) .

            It’s a Wonderful Life
            Its A Wonderful Life Movie Poster.jpg

            Theatrical release poster
            Directed by Frank Capra
            Produced by Frank Capra
            Screenplay by
            • Frances Goodrich
            • Albert Hackett
            • Frank Capra
            Based on” The Greatest Gift “
            by Philip Van Doren Stern
            Starring
            • James Stewart
            • Donna Reed
            • Lionel Barrymore
            • Thomas Mitchell
            • Henry Travers
            • Beulah Bondi
            • Ward Bond
            • Frank Faylen
            • Gloria Grahame
            Music by Dimitri Tiomkin
            Cinematography
            • Joseph Walker
            • Joseph Biroc
            Edited by William Hornbeck
            Production
            company
            Liberty Films
            Distributed by RKO Radio Pictures
            Republic Pictures (former)
            Paramount Pictures (current)
            Release date
            • December 20, 1946 (1946-12-20)
            Running time
            130 minutes
            CountryUnited States
            LanguageEnglish
            Budget$3.18 million [N 1]
            Box office$3,300,000 [2]

            It’s a Wonderful Life is a 1946 American Christmas fantasy comedy-drama film produced and directed by Frank Capra , based on the short story and booklet The Greatest Gift , which Philip Van Doren Stern wrote in 1939 and published privately in 1945. [3]

            The film stars James Stewart as George Bailey , a man who has given up his dreams in order to help others, and whose imminent suicide on Christmas Eve brings about the intervention of his guardian angel , Clarence Odbody ( Henry Travers ). Clarence shows George all the lives he has touched and how different life in his community of Bedford Falls would be if he had never been born.

            Despite initially performing poorly at the box office because of stiff competition at the time of its release, the film has become regarded as a classic and is a staple of Christmas television around the world. [4] The film is considered one of the most loved films in American cinema and has become traditional viewing during the Christmas season. Theatrically, the film’s break-even point was $6.3 million, approximately twice the production cost, a figure it never came close to achieving in its initial release. An appraisal in 2006 reported: “Although it was not the complete box office failure that today everyone believes … it was initially a major disappointment and confirmed, at least to the studios, that Capra was no longer capable of turning out the populist features that made his films the must-see, money-making events they once were.” [5]

            It’s a Wonderful Life is considered one of the most critically acclaimed films ever made . It was nominated for five Academy Awards including Best Picture and has been recognized by the American Film Institute as one of the 100 best American films ever made , [3] placing number 11 on its initial 1998 greatest movie list , number 20 on its revised 2007 greatest movie list and placing number one on its list of the most inspirational American films of all time. [6] Capra revealed that this was his personal favorite among the films he directed and that he screened it for his family every Christmas season. [7]

            Contents

            • 1 Plot
            • 2 Cast
            • 3 Production
              • 3.1 Background
              • 3.2 Filming
            • 4 Reception
            • 5 Awards and honors
            • 6 Release
              • 6.1 Ownership and copyright issues
                • 6.1.1 Ancillary rights
                • 6.1.2 Colorization
              • 6.2 Home media
                • 6.2.1 VHS
                • 6.2.2 Technological first: CD-ROM
                • 6.2.3 DVD and Blu-ray
                • 6.2.4 In TV Specials
            • 7 Adaptations in other media
              • 7.1 Remakes
              • 7.2 Sequel
              • 7.3 Potential
            • 8 Antecedent
            • 9 See also
            • 10 References
              • 10.1 Citations
              • 10.2 Bibliography
            • 11 Further reading
            • 12 External links

            Plot[ edit ]

            George Bailey (James Stewart) proposes to Mary Hatch (Donna Reed): “one of the most sublimely histrionic expressions of passion in film history.” [8]

            On Christmas Eve 1945, in Bedford Falls, New York , George Bailey contemplates suicide. Prayers for him reach Heaven, where Clarence Odbody , Angel 2nd Class, is assigned to save George, in return for which he will earn his angel wings. To prepare him for his mission, Clarence is shown flashbacks of George’s life. The first is from 1919, when 12-year-old George saves his younger brother Harry from drowning at a frozen lake; George loses his hearing in one ear as a result. At his after-school job, George realizes that the druggist, Mr. Gower – distraught over his son’s death from the flu – has accidentally added poison to a child’s prescription, and intervenes to stop it from causing harm.

            In 1928, George plans to leave on a world tour and then attend college. At Harry’s high-school graduation party, he is reintroduced to Mary Hatch , who has had a crush on him from childhood. Their walk home is interrupted by news that George’s father, Peter, has died of a stroke . George postpones his travel so he can sort out the family business, Bailey Brothers’ Building and Loan . Henry F. Potter , the richest man in town, wishes to dissolve the Building and Loan to eliminate it as a competitor. The board of directors votes to keep the Building and Loan open, on condition that George stay to run it (along with his absent-minded uncle Billy). George gives his college tuition to Harry on the condition that Harry take over the Building and Loan when he returns.

            Four years later, Harry returns from college with a job offer from his father-in-law. George tells Harry to take the job and he will keep running the Building and Loan. George and Mary get married. On their way to their honeymoon, they witness a run on the bank and use their honeymoon savings to keep the Building and Loan solvent until the bank reopens.

            Eventually, George establishes Bailey Park, a housing development with small houses financed by the Building and Loan, so that people can own their own homes rather than paying rent to live in Potter’s overpriced slums. Potter attempts to lure George into becoming his assistant, offering him $20,000 (equivalent to $270,000 in 2017 [9] ) a year; George is momentarily tempted, but rebukes him.

            During World War II , George is ineligible for service because of his bad ear. Harry becomes a Navy pilot and earns the Medal of Honor by shooting down a kamikaze plane headed for a troop transport. On Christmas Eve morning 1945, as the town prepares a hero’s welcome for Harry, Uncle Billy misplaces $8000 of the Building and Loan’s cash (equivalent to $110,000 in 2017 [9] ); the funds find their way to Potter. When a bank examiner arrives to review the Building and Loan’s records, George realizes that criminal charges are possible; he berates Uncle Billy, then goes home and takes out his frustration on his family. He soon apologizes to his wife and children, then leaves.

            George with his “cute and cloying” guardian angel Clarence (Henry Travers) [8]

            George desperately appeals to Potter for a loan. When George offers his life insurance policy as collateral, Potter, aware of the misplaced currency, says George is worth more dead than alive and phones the police to have him arrested. George gets drunk at a local bar and is involved in a fight before he leaves and goes to a nearby bridge, thinking of suicide. The film’s narrative catches up to the time of the opening scene. Before he can jump, Clarence dives into the river just before George does, causing George to rescue Clarence rather than killing himself. George does not believe Clarence’s subsequent claim that he is George’s guardian angel .

            When George says he wishes he had never been born, Clarence decides to grant his wish and show George an alternate timeline in which he never existed. Bedford Falls is named Pottersville and is a less congenial place. Mr. Gower has recently been released from prison for manslaughter , because George was not there to stop him from putting poison in the pills. The Building and Loan has closed down, as George never took over after Peter’s passing.

            George’s mother does not recognize him; she reveals that Uncle Billy was institutionalized after the collapse of the Building and Loan. In the cemetery where Bailey Park would have been, George discovers the grave of his brother. Clarence tells him all the soldiers on the transport died, as Harry was never there to save them, because George had never saved Harry from drowning. Mary, who works at the library, never married; when George says he is her husband, she screams for the police, causing George to flee and the local policeman to give chase.

            George, now convinced that Clarence is really his guardian angel, runs back to the bridge and begs for his life back; the alternate timeline changes back to the original reality. George runs home to await his arrest. Mary and Uncle Billy arrive, having rallied the townspeople, who donate more than enough to cover the missing $8,000 and for Potter’s warrant to be torn up. Harry arrives and toasts George calling him “The richest man in town”. A bell on the Christmas tree rings, and his daughter recalls a story that says the sound means that an angel has just earned his wings, signifying Clarence’s promotion.

            Cast[ edit ]

            Credited cast

            • James Stewart as George Bailey
            • Donna Reed as Mary Hatch Bailey
            • Henry Travers as Clarence Odbody
            • Lionel Barrymore as Mr. Henry F. Potter
            • Thomas Mitchell as Uncle Billy Bailey
            • Beulah Bondi as Ma Bailey
            • Frank Faylen as Ernie Bishop, the cab driver
            • Ward Bond as Bert, the cop
            • Gloria Grahame as Violet Bick
            • H. B. Warner as Mr. Emil Gower
            • Todd Karns as Harry Bailey
            • Samuel S. Hinds as father Peter “Pop” Bailey
            • Lillian Randolph as Annie, maid
            • Frank Albertson as Sam Wainwright
            • Virginia Patton as Ruth Dakin Bailey, Harry’s wife
            • Mary Treen as Cousin Tilly, employee
            • Charles Williams as Cousin Eustace, employee
            • Sarah Edwards as Mrs. Hatch, Mary’s mother
            • William Edmunds as Mr. Giuseppe Martini
            • Argentina Brunetti as Mrs. Martini
            • Bobby Anderson as Little George Bailey
            • Ronnie Ralph as Little Sam Wainwright
            • Jean Gale as Little Mary Hatch
            • Ray Walker as Joe
            • Jeanine Ann Roose [10] as Little Violet Bick
            • George Nokes as Little Harry Bailey
            • Danny Mummert as Little Marty Hatch
            • Sheldon Leonard as Nick, the bartender
            • Frank Hagney as Potter’s mute aide
            • Charles Lane as Potter’s rent collector
            • Larry Simms as Pete Bailey
            • Carol Coomes (AKA Carol Coombs) as Janie Bailey
            • Jimmy Hawkins as Tommy Bailey
            • Karolyn Grimes as Zuzu Bailey

            Uncredited cast

            • Charles Halton as Mr. Carter, bank examiner
            • J. Farrell MacDonald as the man whose great-grandfather planted the tree that George drives into
            • Harry Holman as Mr. Partridge, High School principal
            • Harold Landon as Marty Hatch, Mary’s brother
            • Carl “Alfalfa” Switzer as Freddie (Mary’s annoying high school suitor)
            • Mark Roberts as Mickey (student with the key to open up pool)
            • Max Wagner as Cashier/Bouncer at Nick’s Bar
            • Dick Elliott as fat man on porch
            • Tom Fadden as Bridge Caretaker
            • Stanley Andrews as Mr. Welch, teacher’s husband
            • Al Bridge as Sheriff with arrest warrant
            • Ellen Corby as Miss Davis
            • Marian Carr as Jane Wainwright, Sam’s wife [11]
            • Adriana Caselotti as the singer in Martini’s Bar [12]
            • Joseph Granby as Angel Joseph (voice)
            • Moroni Olsen as the Senior Angel (voice)

            George Bailey (James Stewart), Mary Bailey ( Donna Reed ) and their youngest daughter Zuzu ( Karolyn Grimes ).

            The contention that James Stewart is often referred to as Capra’s only choice to play George Bailey is disputed by film historian Stephen Cox, who indicates that ” Henry Fonda was in the running.” [13] [14] Cary Grant was also considered for the role when RKO still had the rights to the film, before they were sold to Capra. [15]

            Although it was stated that Jean Arthur , Ann Dvorak and Ginger Rogers were all considered for the role of Mary before Donna Reed won the part, this list is also disputed by Cox as he indicates that Jean Arthur was first offered the part but had to turn it down for a prior commitment on Broadway before Capra turned to Olivia de Havilland , Martha Scott and Ann Dvorak. Ginger Rogers was offered the female lead, but turned it down because she considered it “too bland”. In Chapter 26 of her autobiography Ginger: My Story, she questioned her decision by asking her readers: “Foolish, you say?”

            A long list of actors were considered for the role of Potter (originally named Herbert Potter): Edward Arnold , Charles Bickford , Edgar Buchanan , Louis Calhern , Victor Jory , Raymond Massey , Vincent Price and even Thomas Mitchell . [14] However, Lionel Barrymore, who eventually won the role, was a famous Ebenezer Scrooge in radio dramatizations of A Christmas Carol at the time and was a natural choice for the role. Barrymore had also worked with Capra and Stewart on his 1938 Best Picture Oscar winner, You Can’t Take It with You .

            H.B. Warner , who was cast as the drugstore owner Mr. Gower, actually studied medicine before going into acting. He was also in some of Capra’s other films, including Mr. Deeds Goes to Town , Lost Horizon , You Can’t Take It with You , and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington . [16] In the silent era, he had played the role of Jesus Christ in Cecil B. DeMille ‘s The King of Kings (1927). The name Gower came from Capra’s employer Columbia Pictures , which had been located on Gower Street for many years. Also on Gower Street was a drugstore that was a favorite for the studio’s employees. [17]

            Charles Williams, who was cast as Eustace Bailey, and Mary Treen, who was cast as Matilda “Tilly” Bailey, were both B-list actors, as they both had appeared in 90 films each before filming It’s a Wonderful Life. [18]

            Jimmy the raven (Uncle Billy’s pet) appeared in You Can’t Take It with You and each subsequent Capra film. [13] [19]

            Production[ edit ]

            Background[ edit ]

            Director Frank Capra

            The original story ” The Greatest Gift ” was written by Philip Van Doren Stern in November 1939. After being unsuccessful in getting the story published, he decided to make it into a Christmas card, and mailed 200 copies to family and friends in December 1943. [20] [N 2] [22] The story came to the attention of RKO producer David Hempstead, who showed it to Cary Grant ‘s Hollywood agent, and in April 1944, RKO Pictures bought the rights to the story for $10,000, hoping to turn the story into a vehicle for Grant. [23] RKO created three unsatisfactory scripts before shelving the planned movie, and Grant went on to make another Christmas movie staple, The Bishop’s Wife . [N 3] [25]

            At the suggestion of RKO studio chief Charles Koerner, Frank Capra read “The Greatest Gift” and immediately saw its potential. RKO, anxious to unload the project, in 1945 sold the rights to Capra’s production company, Liberty Films , which had a nine-film distribution agreement with RKO, for $10,000, [N 4] and threw in the three scripts for free. [20] Capra, along with writers Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett , with Jo Swerling , Michael Wilson , and Dorothy Parker brought in to “polish” the script, [27] turned the story and what was worth using from the three scripts into a screenplay that Capra would rename It’s a Wonderful Life. [20] The script underwent many revisions throughout pre-production and during filming. [28] Final screenplay credit went to Goodrich, Hackett and Capra, with “additional scenes” by Jo Swerling. Capra produced the film with his independent but ephemeral motion picture production company Liberty Films .

            Dalton Trumbo had written a draft that was different from the final film. In Trumbo’s draft, George Bailey is an idealistic politician that slowly grows more cynical as the story progresses that tries to commit suicide after losing an election. Joseph McBride explained in Frank Capra: The Catastrophe of Success: “The angel shows him Bedford Falls as it would have been not if he had never been born but as it would have been if he had gone into business instead of politics.”. [29]

            Seneca Falls, New York claims that when Frank Capra visited their town in 1945, he was inspired to model Bedford Falls after it. The town has an annual “It’s a Wonderful Life festival”in December. [30] In mid-2009, The Hotel Clarence opened in Seneca Falls, named for George Bailey’s guardian angel. On December 10, 2010, the “It’s a Wonderful Life” Museum opened in Seneca Falls, with Karolyn Grimes, who played Zuzu in the movie, cutting the ribbon. [31] Philip Van Doren Stern said in a 1946 interview, “Incidentally, the movie takes place in Westchester County . Actually, the town I had in mind was Califon, N.J. ” The historic iron bridge in Califon is similar to the bridge that George Bailey considered jumping from in the movie. [32]

            Both James Stewart (from Indiana, Pennsylvania ) and Donna Reed (from Denison, Iowa ) came from small towns. Stewart’s father ran a small hardware store where James worked for years. Reed demonstrated her rural roots by winning an impromptu bet with Lionel Barrymore when he challenged her to milk a cow on set. [33]

            Ending scene of the film

            Filming[ edit ]

            James Stewart and Gloria Grahame as George Bailey and Violet Bick: “The compassion of Jesus for Mary Magdalene.” [34]

            It’s a Wonderful Life was shot at RKO Radio Pictures Studio in Culver City, California , and the 89 acre RKO movie ranch in Encino , [35] where “Bedford Falls” consisted of Art Director Max Ree ‘s Oscar -winning sets originally designed for the 1931 epic film Cimarron that covered 4 acres (1.6 ha), assembled from three separate parts, with a main street stretching 300 yards (three city blocks), with 75 stores and buildings, and a residential neighborhood. [36] For It’s a Wonderful Life Capra built a working bank set, added a tree-lined center parkway, and planted 20 full grown oak trees to existing sets. [37]

            Pigeons, cats, and dogs were allowed to roam the mammoth set to give the “town” a lived-in feel. [19] Due to the requirement to film in an “alternate universe” setting as well as during different seasons, the set was extremely adaptable. RKO created “chemical snow” for the film to avoid the need for dubbed dialogue when actors walked across an earlier movie snow that was made of crushed cornflakes. [38] Filming started on April 15, 1946 and ended on July 27, 1946, exactly on deadline for the 90-day principal photography schedule. [24]

            RKO ‘s movie ranch in Encino , a filming location of Bedford Falls, was razed in 1954. [N 5] There are only two surviving locations from the film. The first is the swimming pool that was unveiled during the famous dance scene where George courts Mary. It is located in the gymnasium at Beverly Hills High School and is still in operation as of 2013. The second is the “Martini home” in La Cañada Flintridge, California . [40]

            During filming, in the scene where Uncle Billy gets drunk at Harry and Ruth’s welcome home/newlyweds’ party, George points him in the right direction home. As the camera focuses on George, smiling at his uncle staggering away, a crash is heard in the distance and Uncle Billy yells, “I’m all right! I’m all right!” Equipment on the set had actually been accidentally knocked over; Capra left in Thomas Mitchell’s impromptu ad lib (although the “crashing” noise was augmented with added sound effects).

            According to Bobby Anderson, H.B. Warner slapped him for real in the scene between Mr. Gower and little George and made his ear bleed, reducing him to tears, but hugged him after the scene was shot. [41]

            Dimitri Tiomkin had written “Death Telegram” and “Gower’s Deliverance” for the drugstore scenes, but in the editing room Capra elected to go with no music for those scenes. Those changes, along with others, led to a falling out between Tiomkin and Capra. Tiomkin had worked on a lot of Capra’s previous films, and was saddened that Capra decided to have the music pared or toned down, moved, or cut entirely. He felt as though his work was being seen as a mere suggestion. In his autobiography Please Don’t Hate Me, he said of the incident, “an all around scissors job”. [42]

            Young George ( Bobby Anderson ) with Violet and Mary in Mr. Gower’s drugstore

            The products and advertisements featured in Mr. Gower’s drugstore include Coca-Cola , Paterson tobacco pipes, La Unica cigars, Camel cigarettes , Lucky Strike cigarettes , Chesterfield cigarettes , Sweet Caporal cigarettes (with a sign that says “Ask Dad he knows” that plays a role in the plot), Vaseline hair tonic, Penetro cough syrup, Pepto-Bismol , Bayer Aspirin (“for colds and influenza”), and The Saturday Evening Post . [43]

            In an earlier draft of the script, the scene where George saves his brother Harry as a child was different. The scene had the boys playing ice hockey on the river (which is on Potter’s property) as Potter watches with disdain. George shoots the puck, but it goes astray and breaks the “No Trespassing” sign and lands in Potter’s yard. Potter becomes irate, and the gardener releases the attack dogs, which causes the boys to flee. Harry falls in the ice, and George saves him with the same results. [44]

            Another scene that was in an earlier version of the script had young George visiting his father at his work. After George tells off Mr. Potter and closes the door, he considers asking Uncle Billy about his drugstore dilemma. Billy is talking on the phone to the bank examiner, and lights his cigar and throws his match in the wastebasket. This scene explains that Tilly (short for Matilda) and Eustace are both his cousins (not Billy’s kids though), and Tilly is on the phone with her friend Martha and says, “Potter’s here, the bank examiner’s coming. It’s a day of judgment.” As George is about to interrupt Tilly on the phone, Billy cries for help and Tilly runs in and puts the fire out with a pot of coffee. George decides he is probably better off dealing with the situation by himself. [42]

            Capra had filmed a number of sequences that were subsequently cut, the only remnants remaining being rare stills that have been unearthed. [45] A number of alternative endings were considered, with Capra’s first script having Bailey falling to his knees reciting “The Lord’s Prayer ” (the script also called for an opening scene with the townspeople in prayer). Feeling that an overly religious tone did not have the emotional impact of the family and friends rushing to rescue George Bailey, the closing scenes were rewritten. [46] [47] [48]

            Capra found the film’s original cinematographer Victor Milner slow and pretentious and re-hired Joseph Walker , who was warned by Harry Cohn to return back to Columbia Pictures to shoot a film for one of the studio’s female stars. Joseph Biroc was trained by Walker himself to be his replacement. Although having worked with three cinematographers had been difficult for Capra, it turned out very well in Walker’s opinion, because the scenes each had shot were so different that he felt that Biroc’s didn’t have to match his or Milner’s visual style. [49]

            Reception[ edit ]

            George and Mary dancing near the crack at the high school party

            According to a 2006 book, “A spate of movies appeared just after the ending of the Second World War , including It’s a Wonderful Life (1946) and Stairway to Heaven (1946), perhaps tapping into so many people’s experience of loss of loved ones and offering a kind of consolation.” [50] It’s a Wonderful Life premiered at the Globe Theatre in New York on December 20, 1946, to mixed reviews. [24] While Capra thought the contemporary critical reviews were either universally negative, or at best dismissive, [51] Time said, “It’s a Wonderful Life is a pretty wonderful movie. It has only one formidable rival (Goldwyn’s The Best Years of Our Lives ) as Hollywood’s best picture of the year. Director Capra’s inventiveness, humor and affection for human beings keep it glowing with life and excitement.” [52]

            Bosley Crowther , writing for The New York Times , complimented some of the actors, including Stewart and Reed, but concluded that “the weakness of this picture, from this reviewer’s point of view, is the sentimentality of it—its illusory concept of life. Mr. Capra’s nice people are charming, his small town is a quite beguiling place and his pattern for solving problems is most optimistic and facile. But somehow they all resemble theatrical attitudes rather than average realities.” [53]

            The film, which went into general release on January 7, 1947, placed 26th ($3.3 million) in box office revenues for 1947 [2] (out of more than 400 features released), [54] one place ahead of another Christmas film, Miracle on 34th Street . The film was supposed to be released in January 1947, but was moved up to December 1946 to make it eligible for the 1946 Academy Awards . This move was seen as worse for the film, as 1947 did not have quite the stiff competition as 1946. If it had entered the 1947 Awards, its biggest competition would have been Miracle on 34th Street. The number one grossing movie of 1947, The Best Years of Our Lives, made $11.5 million. [2]

            The film recorded a loss of $525,000 at the box office for RKO. [55]

            On May 26, 1947, the FBI issued a memo stating, “With regard to the picture ‘It’s a Wonderful Life,’ [redacted] stated in substance that the film represented rather obvious attempts to discredit bankers by casting Lionel Barrymore as a ‘scrooge-type’ so that he would be the most hated man in the picture. This, according to these sources, is a common trick used by Communists. [In] addition, [redacted] stated that, in his opinion, this picture deliberately maligned the upper class, attempting to show the people who had money were mean and despicable characters.” [56] Film historian Andrew Sarris points out as “curious” that “the censors never noticed that the villainous Mr. Potter gets away with robbery without being caught or punished in any way.” [8]

            Mr. Potter ( Lionel Barrymore ) was placed in AFI’s 100 Years…100 Heroes & Villains as No. 6 of villains, while George Bailey was voted No. 9 of heroes.

            In 1990, It’s a Wonderful Life was deemed “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant” by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in their National Film Registry . [57]

            In 2002, Britain’s Channel 4 ranked It’s a Wonderful Life as the seventh greatest film ever made in its poll “The 100 Greatest Films”. [58]

            In June 2008, AFI revealed its 10 Top 10 , the best ten films in ten “classic” American film genres, after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. It’s a Wonderful Life was acknowledged as the third-best film in the fantasy genre. [59] [60]

            Somewhat more iconoclastic views of the film and its content are occasionally expressed. In 1947, film critic Manny Farber wrote, “To make his points [Capra] always takes an easy, simple-minded path that doesn’t give much credit to the intelligence of the audience”, and adds that there are only a “few unsentimental moments here and there.” [61] [N 6] Wendell Jamieson, in a 2008 article for The New York Times which was generally positive in its analysis of the film, noted that far from being simply a sweet sentimental story, it “is a terrifying, asphyxiating story about growing up and relinquishing your dreams, of seeing your father driven to the grave before his time, of living among bitter, small-minded people. It is a story of being trapped, of compromising, of watching others move ahead and away, of becoming so filled with rage that you verbally abuse your children, their teacher and your oppressively perfect wife.” [62]

            “…one of the most profoundly pessimistic tales of human existence ever to achieve a lasting popularity.

            — Film historian Andrew Sarris in “You Ain’t Heard Nothin’ Yet.”: The American Talking Film History & Memory, 1927-1949. [8]

            In a 2010 Salon.com piece, Richard Cohen described It’s a Wonderful Life as “the most terrifying Hollywood film ever made”. In the “Pottersville” sequence, he wrote, George is not seeing the world that would exist had he never been born, but rather ‘the world as it does exist, in his time and also in our own.” [63] Nine years earlier, another Salon writer, Gary Kamiya, had expressed the opposing view that “Pottersville rocks!,” adding, “The gauzy, Currier-and-Ives veil Capra drapes over Bedford Falls has prevented viewers from grasping what a tiresome and, frankly, toxic environment it is… We all live in Pottersville now.” [64]

            Mary Hatch (Donna Reed), spinster librarian, in the world where George Bailey was never born.

            The film’s elevation to the status of a beloved classic came decades after its initial release, when it became a television staple during Christmas season in the late 1970s. This came as a welcome surprise to Frank Capra and others involved with its production. “It’s the damnedest thing I’ve ever seen,” Capra told The Wall Street Journal in 1984. “The film has a life of its own now, and I can look at it like I had nothing to do with it. I’m like a parent whose kid grows up to be president . I’m proud… but it’s the kid who did the work. I didn’t even think of it as a Christmas story when I first ran across it. I just liked the idea.” [65] In a 1946 interview, Capra described the film’s theme as “the individual’s belief in himself” and that he made it “to combat a modern trend toward atheism “. [65]

            The film’s positive reception has continued into the present, and review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes currently reports a 94% “Certified Fresh” approval rating. The website’s critical consensus reads, “The holiday classic to define all holiday classics, It’s a Wonderful Life is one of a handful of films worth an annual viewing.” [66]

            Awards and honors[ edit ]

            Prior to the Los Angeles release of It’s a Wonderful Life, Liberty Films mounted an extensive promotional campaign that included a daily advertisement highlighting one of the film’s players, along with comments from reviewers. Jimmy Starr wrote, “If I were an Oscar, I’d elope with It’s a Wonderful Life lock, stock and barrel on the night of the Academy Awards”. The New York Daily Times published an editorial that declared the film and James Stewart’s performance to be worthy of Academy Award consideration. [67]

            It’s a Wonderful Life received five Academy Award nominations: [68]

            AwardResultNominee / Winner
            Best Picture Nominated Frank Capra
            Winner was Samuel Goldwyn – The Best Years of Our Lives
            Best Director Nominated Frank Capra
            Winner was William Wyler – The Best Years of Our Lives
            Best Actor Nominated James Stewart
            Winner was Fredric March – The Best Years of Our Lives
            Best Film Editing Nominated William Hornbeck
            Winner was Daniel Mandell – The Best Years of Our Lives
            Best Sound Recording Nominated John Aalberg
            Winner was John P. Livadary – The Jolson Story
            Technical Achievement Award Won Russell Shearman and RKO Radio Studio Special Effects Dept.
            For the development of a new method of simulating falling snow on motion picture sets.

            It’s a Wonderful Life won just the one Academy Award, in the Technical Achievement category for developing a new method of creating artificial snow. [69] Before It’s a Wonderful Life, fake movie snow was mostly made from cornflakes painted white. And it was so loud when stepped on that any snow-filled scenes with dialogue had to be re-dubbed afterwards. RKO studio’s head of special effects, Russell Shearman , developed a new compound, utilizing water, soap flakes, foamite and sugar. [70]

            The Best Years of Our Lives , a drama about servicemen attempting to return to their pre-World War II lives, won most of the awards that year, including four of the five for which It’s a Wonderful Life was nominated. (The award for “Best Sound Recording” was won by The Jolson Story .) The Best Years of Our Lives was also an outstanding commercial success, ultimately becoming the highest-grossing film of the decade, in contrast to the more modest initial box office returns of It’s a Wonderful Life. [71]

            It’s a Wonderful Life received a Golden Globe Award :

            AwardResultWinner
            Best Director Won Frank Capra

            Capra won the “Best Motion Picture Director” award from the Golden Globes , and a “CEC Award” from the Cinema Writers Circle in Spain , for Mejor Película Extranjera (Best Foreign Film). Jimmy Hawkins won a “Former Child Star Lifetime Achievement Award” from the Young Artist Awards in 1994; the award recognized his role as Tommy Bailey as igniting his career, which lasted until the mid-1960s. [72]

            American Film Institute lists

            • AFI’s 100 Years…100 Movies  – 11
            • AFI’s 100 Years…100 Passions  – 8
            • AFI’s 100 Years…100 Heroes and Villains :
              • Mr. Potter – No. 6 Villain
              • George Bailey – No. 9 Hero
            • AFI’s 100 Years…100 Songs :
              • “Buffalo Gal (Won’t You Come Out Tonight)” – Nominated [73]
            • AFI’s 100 Years…100 Movie Quotes :
              • “What is it you want, Mary? What do you want? You want the moon? Just say the word, and I’ll throw a lasso around it and pull it down.” – Nominated [74]
              • “To my big brother George, the richest man in town!” – Nominated [74]
              • “Look, Daddy. Teacher says, ‘Every time a bell rings an angel gets his wings.'” – Nominated [74]
            • AFI’s 100 Years…100 Cheers  – No. 1
            • AFI’s 100 Years…100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)  – No. 20
            • AFI’s 10 Top 10  – No. 3 Fantasy Film

            Release[ edit ]

            Ownership and copyright issues[ edit ]

            Ancillary rights[ edit ]

            “What is it you want, Mary? What do you want? Just say the word and I’ll throw a lasso around it and pull it down. Hey. That’s a pretty good idea. I’ll give you the moon, Mary.” [75]

            Liberty Films was purchased by Paramount Pictures , and remained a subsidiary until 1951. In 1955, M. & A. Alexander purchased the movie. This included key rights to the original television syndication, the original nitrate film elements , the music score, and the film rights to the story on which the film is based, “The Greatest Gift”. [N 7] National Telefilm Associates (NTA) took over the rights to the film soon thereafter.

            A clerical error at NTA prevented the copyright from being renewed properly in 1974. [77] [78] Despite the lapsed copyright, television stations that aired it still had to pay royalties because—though the film’s images had entered the public domain—the film’s story was still restricted as a derivative work of the published story The Greatest Gift, whose copyright Philip Van Doren Stern had renewed in 1971. [79] [80] [N 8] The film became a perennial holiday favorite in the 1980s, possibly due to its repeated showings each holiday season on hundreds of local television stations. It was mentioned during the deliberations on the Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998. [79] [81]

            In 1993, Republic Pictures , which was the successor to NTA, relied on the 1990 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Stewart v. Abend (which involved another Stewart film, Rear Window ) to enforce its claim to the copyright. While the film’s copyright had not been renewed, Republic still owned the film rights to “The Greatest Gift”; thus the plaintiffs were able to argue its status as a derivative work of a work still under copyright. [79] [82] NBC , since 1996, is licensed to show the film on U.S. network television, and traditionally shows it twice during the holidays, with one showing on Christmas Eve. Paramount (via parent company Viacom ‘s 1998 acquisition of Republic’s then-parent, Spelling Entertainment ) once again has distribution rights for the first time since 1955. [79] [83]

            Due to all the above actions, this is one of the few RKO films not controlled by Turner Entertainment / Warner Bros. in the USA. It is also one of two Capra films Paramount owns despite not having originally released it—the other is Broadway Bill (originally from Columbia , remade by Paramount as Riding High in 1950). [79]

            Colorization[ edit ]

            Director Capra met with Wilson Markle about having Colorization, Inc., colorize It’s a Wonderful Life based on an enthusiastic response to the colorization of Topper from actor Cary Grant. [84] The company’s art director Brian Holmes prepared 10 minutes of colorized footage from It’s a Wonderful Life for Capra to view, which resulted in Capra signing a contract with Colorization, Inc., and his “enthusiastic agree[ment] to pay half the $260,000 cost of colorizing the movie and to share any profits” and giving “preliminary approval to making similar color versions of two of his other black-and-white films, Meet John Doe (1941) and Lady for a Day (1933)”. [84] However, the film was believed to be in the public domain at the time, and as a result Markle and Holmes responded by returning Capra’s initial investment, eliminating his financial participation, and refusing outright to allow the director to exercise artistic control over the colorization of his films, leading Capra to join in the campaign against the process. [84]

            Three colorized versions have been produced. The first was released by Hal Roach Studios in 1986. The second was authorized and produced by the film’s permanent owner, Republic Pictures, in 1989. Both Capra and Stewart took a critical stand on the colorized editions. [85] The Hal Roach color version was re-released in 1989 to VHS through the cooperation of Video Treasures . A third colorized version was produced by Legend Films and released on DVD in 2007 with the approval of Capra’s estate.[ citation needed ]

            Home media[ edit ]

            VHS[ edit ]

            Throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, when the film was still under public domain status, It’s A Wonderful Life was released on VHS by a variety of home video companies. Among the companies that released the film on home video before Republic Pictures stepped in were Meda Video (which would later become Media Home Entertainment ), Kartes Video Communications (under its Video Film Classics label), GoodTimes Home Video and Video Treasures (now Anchor Bay Entertainment). After Republic reclaimed the rights to the film, all unofficial VHS copies of the film in print were destroyed. [82] Artisan Entertainment (under license from Republic) took over home video rights in the mid-1990s. Artisan was later sold to Lions Gate Entertainment , which continued to hold US home video rights until late 2005 when they reverted to Paramount, who also owns video rights throughout Region 4 ( Latin America and Australia ) and in France . Video rights in the rest of the world are held by different companies; for example, the UK rights are with Universal Studios .

            Technological first: CD-ROM[ edit ]

            In 1993, due in part to the confusion of the ownership and copyright issues, Kinesoft Development, with the support of Republic Pictures, released It’s a Wonderful Life as one of the first commercial feature-length films on CD-ROM for the Windows PC ( Windows 3.1 ). Predating commercial DVDs by several years, it included such features as the ability to follow along with the complete shooting script as the film was playing. [86] [87] [N 9]

            Given the state of video playback on the PC at the time of its release, It’s a Wonderful Life for Windows represented another first, as the longest running video on a computer. Prior to its release, Windows could only play back approx. 32,000 frames of video, or about 35 minutes at 15 frames per second. Working with Microsoft, Kinesoft was able to enhance the video features of Windows to allow for the complete playback of the entire film — all of this on a PC with a 486SX processor and only 8 MB of RAM. [88]

            Computer Gaming World said in April 1994 that, “The picture quality still has a way to go before it reaches television standards,” but was “…a noble effort” that would “please fans of the film.” [89]

            DVD and Blu-ray[ edit ]

            The film has seen multiple DVD releases since the availability of the DVD format. In the autumn of 2001, Republic issued the movie twice, once in August, and again with different packaging in September of that same year. On October 31, 2006, Paramount released a newly restored “60th Anniversary Edition”. On November 13, 2007, Paramount released a two-disc “special edition” DVD of the film that contained both the original theatrical black-and-white version, and a new, third colorized version, produced by Legend Films using the latest colorization technology. On November 3, 2009, Paramount released a DVD version with a “Collector’s Edition” ornament, and a Blu-ray edition.

            In TV Specials[ edit ]

            Viewers of the home video and TV special Elmo Saves Christmas know that from It’s A Wonderful Life, some of the footage appears.

            Adaptations in other media[ edit ]

            The film was twice adapted for radio in 1947, first on Lux Radio Theater (March 10) and then on The Screen Guild Theater (December 29), then again on the Screen Guild Theater broadcast of March 15, 1951. James Stewart and Donna Reed reprised their roles for all three radio productions. Stewart also starred in the May 8, 1949 radio adaptation presented on the Screen Director’s Playhouse .

            A musical stage adaptation of the film, titled A Wonderful Life , was written by Sheldon Harnick and Joe Raposo . This version was first performed at the University of Michigan in 1986, but a planned professional production was stalled by legal wrangling with the estate of Philip Van Doren Stern. It was eventually performed in Washington, D.C. by Arena Stage in 1991, and had revivals in the 21st century, including a staged concert version in New York City in 2005 and several productions by regional theatres.

            Another musical stage adaptation of the film, titled It’s a Wonderful Life – The Musical, was written by Bruce Greer and Keith Ferguson. This version premiered at the Majestic Theatre , Dallas , Texas in 1998. It was an annual Christmas show at the theatre for five years. It has since been performed at venues all around the United States. [90]

            The film was also adapted into a play in two acts by James W. Rodgers. It was first performed on December 15, 1993 at Paul Laurence Dunbar High School. The play opens with George Bailey contemplating suicide and then goes back through major moments in his life. Many of the scenes from the movie are only alluded to or mentioned in the play rather than actually dramatized. For example, in the opening scene Clarence just mentions George having saved his brother Harry after the latter had fallen through the ice. [91]

            It’s a Wonderful Life: A Live Radio Play, a stage adaptation presented as a 1940s radio show, was adapted by Joe Landry and has been produced around the United States since 1997. The script is published by Playscripts, Inc.

            In 1997, PBS aired Merry Christmas, George Bailey, taped from a live performance of the 1947 Lux Radio Theatre script at the Pasadena Playhouse . The presentation, which benefited the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation , featured an all-star cast including Bill Pullman as George, Nathan Lane as Clarence, Martin Landau as Mr. Potter, Penelope Ann Miller as Mary, and Sally Field as Mother Bailey. [92]

            Philip Grecian’s 2006 radio play based on the film It’s a Wonderful Life is a faithful adaptation, now in its third incarnation, that has been performed numerous times by local theatres in Canada . [93]

            The Last Temptation of Clarence Odbody is a novel written by John Pierson . The novel imagines the future lives of various characters if George had not survived his jump into the river. [94]

            Remakes[ edit ]

            • It Happened One Christmas

            The film was remade as the 1977 television movie It Happened One Christmas . Lionel Chetwynd based the screenplay on the original Van Doren Stern short story and the 1946 screenplay. This remake employed gender-reversal, with Marlo Thomas as the protagonist Mary Bailey, Wayne Rogers as George Hatch, and Cloris Leachman as the angel Clara Oddbody. [N 10] Leachman received her second Emmy nomination for this role. In a significant departure from his earlier roles, Orson Welles was cast as Mr. Potter. [N 11] Following initial positive reviews, the made-for-television film was rebroadcast twice in 1978 and 1979, but has not been shown since on national re-broadcasts, nor issued in home media. [N 12] [95]

            • The Christmas Spirit was a retelling of the movie starring Nicollette Sheridan as . This was a made-for-TV film aired in December 1, 2013 on the Hallmark Channel executive produced by Sheridan under her company, Wyke Lane Productions, and Brad Krevoy Television . The film was directed and written by Jack Angelo. Spirit was set in the present day featuring the Charlotte Hart character, who works to save a “quiet New England town from a ruthless real estate developer.” The film was planned to kick off a film series centered around the Hart character. [96] The film had 3.372 million viewers overall. [97]

            Sequel[ edit ]

            Karolyn Grimes as Zuzu Bailey

            In 1990, another made-for-television film called Clarence starred Robert Carradine in a new tale of the helpful angel. [98] [99]

            Potential[ edit ]

            A purported sequel was in development for a 2015 release, and was to be called It’s a Wonderful Life: The Rest of the Story. It was to be written by Bob Farnsworth and Martha Bolton and follow the angel of George Bailey’s daughter Zuzu (played once again by Karolyn Grimes ), as she teaches Bailey’s evil grandson how different the world would have been if he had never been born. Producers were considering directors and hoped to shoot the film with a $25–$35 million budget in Louisiana early in 2014. [100]

            The film had been announced as being produced by Star Partners and Hummingbird Productions, neither of which are affiliated with Paramount, owners of the original film (Farnsworth claimed that It’s a Wonderful Life was in the public domain). Later, a Paramount spokesperson claimed that they were not granting permission to make the film, “To date, these individuals have not obtained any of the necessary rights, and we would take all appropriate steps to protect those rights,” the spokesperson said. [101] No further developmental plans have since arisen.

            Viewers of the popular holiday TV special Elmo Saves Christmas , know that this film is seen in some of the clips.

            Antecedent[ edit ]

            It's a Wonderful Life.png

            In a 1997 review, film historian James Berardinelli commented on the parallels between this film and the classic Charles Dickens tale A Christmas Carol . In both stories, a man revisits his life and potential death (or non-existence) with the help of supernatural agents, culminating in a joyous epiphany and a renewed view of his life. [102]

            See also[ edit ]

            • Mr. Destiny a 1990 film
            • The Family Man a 2000 film
            • Alternate universe in filmdom
            • Dastar Corp. v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp. (a legal case partially relating to another example of an out of copyright adaption of a work still under copyright)
            • Zu Zu Ginger Snaps
            • List of films featuring the deaf and hard of hearing
            • List of films considered the best

            References[ edit ]

            1. ^ The original budget had been set at $3 million. [1]
            2. ^ It was not a true “Christmas card” but rather, a 24-page pamphlet. [21]
            3. ^ The project went through many hands, including Howard Hughes’, who reportedly was interested. [24]
            4. ^ Capra claimed the script was purchased for $50,000. [26]
            5. ^ Photographs of parts of the RKO set can be seen on retroweb.com. [39]
            6. ^ “Mugging Main Street” was reprinted in Farber on Film, Library of America , 2009, pp. 307–309.
            7. ^ Capra’s re-editing of the original score by Dimitri Tiomkin was restored to the Tiomkin version by Willard Carroll in the 1980s and released on a CD in 1988. [76]
            8. ^ The United States copyright of “The Greatest Gift” will expire in 2038, 95 years after its publication.
            9. ^ Voyager Company’s Hard Day’s Night, released in May 1993, slightly predated the Kinesoft product. It was originally advertised as an Audio CD.
            10. ^ Note the spelling difference for “Oddbody”.
            11. ^ Welles signed on for projects like this in the 1970s so he could fund his own projects including F for Fake , the unfinished The Other Side of the Wind and his documentary, Filming Othello . [95]
            12. ^ Local televisions stations do occasionally replay the movie.

            Citations[ edit ]

            1. ^ Cox 2003, p. 27.
            2. ^ a b c Willian 2006, p. 4.
            3. ^ a b “AFI’s 100 YEARS…100 MOVIES 10TH ANNIVERSARY EDITION” . American Film Institute. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
            4. ^ “It’s a Wonderful Life” . Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
            5. ^ Eliot 2006, p. 206.
            6. ^ “AFI’s 100 YEARS…100 CHEERS” . American Film Institute. Retrieved July 15, 2012. 
            7. ^ Appearance at University of Chicago Law School Films, 1978.
            8. ^ a b c d Sarris, 1998. p. 356
            9. ^ a b Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. “Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–” . Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2018. 
            10. ^ Dr. Jeanine Roose << Missouri Cherry Blossom Festival Retrieved April 23, 2017.
            11. ^ “It’s a Wonderful Life (1946)” . IMDb.com. Retrieved November 22, 2017. 
            12. ^ Cox 2003, pp. 38–39, 42.
            13. ^ a b Greene, Liz. One of America’s Favorite Christmas Movies Has a Wonderful Life of Its Own: 72 Percent of Viewers are Younger Than the Movie” . Archived from the original on December 7, 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2006. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown ( link ) Blockbuster Inc. Retrieved: August 2, 2011.
            14. ^ a b Cox 2003, p. 6.
            15. ^ Wood, Jennifer M. “25 Wonderful Facts About It’s a Wonderful Life.” Mental Floss. December 16, 2017. Retrieved December 24, 2017.
            16. ^ Willian 2006, p. 12.
            17. ^ Willian 2006, p. 16.
            18. ^ Willian 2006, p. 14.
            19. ^ a b Cox 2003, p. 24.
            20. ^ a b c Ervin, Kathleen A. “Some Kind of Wonderful” Archived February 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine .. Failure Magazine (n.d.). Retrieved: June 2, 2007.
            21. ^ Cox 2003, pp. 29–31.
            22. ^ Heyboer, Kelly (December 24, 2017). “The surprising Jersey roots of ‘It’s a Wonderful Life” . NJ.com. Retrieved December 25, 2017. 
            23. ^ “Tempest in Hollywood”. The New York Times, April 23, 1944, p. X3.
            24. ^ a b c Weems, Eric. Frank Capra online Archived January 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine .. Retrieved: June 2, 2007.
            25. ^ Cox 2003, p. 26.
            26. ^ Capra 1971, p. 376.
            27. ^ Cox 2003, p. 23.
            28. ^ Goodrich et al. 1986, pp. 135, 200.
            29. ^ Joseph McBride (2 June 2011). Frank Capra: The Catastrophe of Success . Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN   978-1-60473-839-1 . Retrieved July 21, 2018. [ not in citation given ]
            30. ^ McDonald, Joan Barone. “Seneca Falls: It’s a ‘Wonderful’ town” . The Buffalo News, November 16, 2008. Retrieved: December 29, 2008.
            31. ^ Pacheco, Manny. “It’s a Wonderful Life Museum opens” Archived January 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine .. redroom.com, December 11, 2010. Retrieved: December 23, 2010.
            32. ^ Heyboer, Kelly (December 24, 2017). “It’s New Jersey’s wonderful story”. The Star-Ledger. 
            33. ^ Willian 2006, p. 10.
            34. ^ Sarris, 1998. p. 355
            35. ^ “RetroWeb Image Gallery | Bison Archives RKO Ranch photograph collection” . Retroweb.com. Retrieved December 20, 2012. 
            36. ^ “The RetroWeb Image Gallery” . Retroweb.com. Retrieved November 22, 2017. 
            37. ^ “RetroWeb Image Gallery | It’s A Wonderful Life” . Retroweb.com. Retrieved December 20, 2012. 
            38. ^ Cox 2003, pp. 23–24.
            39. ^ “Residential Sets” . retroweb.com. Retrieved: December 29. 2011.
            40. ^ Wayne, Gary. “Hollywood on Location: the ’40s” Archived January 24, 2016, at the Wayback Machine .. seeing-stars.com. Retrieved: August 25, 2009.
            41. ^ Noland, Claire (5 May 2008). “Child actor played early George Bailey” . Retrieved 21 July 2018. 
            42. ^ a b Willian 2006, p. 15.
            43. ^ Willian 2006, p. 7.
            44. ^ Willian 2006, p. 5.
            45. ^ Cox 2003, p. 15.
            46. ^ Cahill 2006, p. 105.
            47. ^ Dirks. Tim. “Review” . filmsite.org. Retrieved: August 25, 2009.
            48. ^ Jones, Robert L. “It Was A Wonderful Life” . Archived 5 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine . objectivistcenter.org. Retrieved: August 25, 2009.
            49. ^ McBride, Joseph (2011). “Frank Capra: The Catastrophe of Success” . Retrieved July 21, 2018. 
            50. ^ Srampickal, Jacob; Mazza, Giuseppe; Baugh, Lloyd, eds. (2006). Cross Connections . Rome: Gregorian Biblical BookShop . p.  199 . ISBN   9788878390614 . 
            51. ^ Capra 1971, pp. 372–373.
            52. ^ “New Picture” . Time, December 23, 1946. Retrieved: June 8, 2007.
            53. ^ Crowther, Bosley. “‘It’s a Wonderful Life’, Screen in Review” . The New York Times, December 23, 1946. Retrieved: June 8, 2007.
            54. ^ American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures (online database).
            55. ^ Richard Jewell & Vernon Harbin, The RKO Story. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House, 1982. p215
            56. ^ Chen, Will (December 24, 2006). “FBI Considered “It’s A Wonderful Life” Communist Propaganda” . Retrieved March 2, 2012. 
              Goodtimes, Johnny (December 20, 2011). “It’s a Wonderful Life” Is Communist Propaganda” . Retrieved March 2, 2012. 
              Eschner, Kat (December 20, 2017). “The Weird Story of the FBI and ‘It’s a Wonderful Life. Retrieved December 20, 2017. 
            57. ^ “Complete National Film Registry Listing” . The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2017-12-25. 
            58. ^ “100 Greatest Films of All Time” . www.filmsite.org. Retrieved 2017-12-25. 
            59. ^ “AFI Crowns Top 10 Films in 10 Classic Genres” . American Film Institute via ComingSoon.net, June 17, 2008. Retrieved: June 18, 2008.
            60. ^ “Top 10 Fantasy” . American Film Institute. Retrieved: June 18, 2008.
            61. ^ Farber, Manny . “Mugging Main Street”. The New Republic , January 6, 1947.
            62. ^ Jamieson, Wendell. “Wonderful? Sorry, George, It’s a Pitiful, Dreadful Life” . The New York Times, December 18, 2008. Retrieved: December 20, 2008.
            63. ^ Cohen, Richard. “It’s a Wonderful Life”: The most terrifying movie ever” . Salon.com, December 24, 2010. Retrieved: January 7, 2011.
            64. ^ Kamiya, Gary. “All hail Pottersville!” Salon.com, December 22, 2001. Retrieved: January 7, 2011.
            65. ^ a b Cox 2003, p. 11.
            66. ^ “It’s a Wonderful Life (1946)” . Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 5, 2017. 
            67. ^ Wiley and Bona 1987, p. 163.
            68. ^ “The 19th Academy Awards (1947) Nominees and Winners” . oscars.org. Retrieved: August 17, 2011.
            69. ^ Hickman, Matt (December 14, 2011). “6 things you probably didn’t know about ‘It’s a Wonderful Life” . mnn.com. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
            70. ^ Liszewski, Andrew. “Hollywood Invented a New Type Of Fake Snow To Film It’s a Wonderful Life” . Gizmodo.com. Retrieved November 22, 2017. 
            71. ^ Finler 1988, p. 177.
            72. ^ Flick, A. J. “So Long, Jimmy” . classicmovies.org. Retrieved: August 17, 2011.
            73. ^ “AFI’s 100 Years…100 Songs Nominees” (PDF). Afi.com. Retrieved November 22, 2017. 
            74. ^ a b c “AFI’s 100 Years…100 Movie Quotes Nominees” (PDF). Afi.com. Retrieved November 22, 2017. 
            75. ^ Goodreads. Retrieved 15 June 2018. https://www.goodreads.com/quotes/212575-what-is-it-you-want-mary-what-do-you-want
            76. ^ Cox 2003, pp. 12–14.
            77. ^ Cox 2003, p. 113.
            78. ^ U.S. Copyright Office, Catalog of Copyright Entries, New Series, Renewals sections in the 1973–1974 volumes.
            79. ^ a b c d e Cox 2003, p. 115.
            80. ^ “Renewal Registrations, p. 1614” . Catalog of Copyright Entries, January–June 1971, U.S. Copyright Office. Retrieved: November 8, 2010.
            81. ^ The Copyright Term Extension Act of 1995: Hearing Before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Fourth Congress, first session, on S. 483 … September 20, 1995. By United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary, United States. Published by U.S. G.P.O., 1997, pp. 16, 73, 126. ISBN   978-0-16-054351-7 .
            82. ^ a b “Notes for ‘It’s a Wonderful Life'” . Retrieved October 29, 2011. TCM Movie Database, 2010. Retrieved: November 8, 2010.
            83. ^ Alsdorf, Matt. Slate.com: “Why Wonderful Life Comes but Once a Year” . slate.com, December 21, 1999. Retrieved: September 10, 2009.
            84. ^ a b c Edgerton, Gary R. “The Germans Wore Gray, You Wore Blue” [ permanent dead link ]. Journal of Popular Film and Television, Winter 2000. Retrieved: October 5, 2007.
            85. ^ Ebert, Roger. “It’s a Wonderful Life” . Chicago Sun-Times, January 1, 1999. Retrieved: February 24, 2008.
            86. ^ Burr, Ty. “ABC’S OF CD: Delivering the Future” . ew.com via Entertainment Weekly, 2009. Retrieved: May 29, 2009.
            87. ^ “Taking A Peek” . Computer Gaming World. March 1994. pp. 174–180. 
            88. ^ Edwards, James. “Peter Sills: Developer BIO” . mobygames.com, 2009. Retrieved: May 29, 2009.
            89. ^ “Invasion Of The Data Stashers” . Computer Gaming World. April 1994. pp. 20–42. 
            90. ^ “It’s a Wonderful Life – The Musical” . Archived from the original on August 11, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2012 
            91. ^ Rodgers 1994, p. i.
            92. ^ “Merry Christmas, George Bailey reviews” . Blainebaggett.wordpress.com. July 28, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2017. 
            93. ^ Jang, Howard. “Introducing … ‘It’s a Wonderful Life'” Archived February 19, 2016, at the Wayback Machine .. artsclub.com, October 23, 2009. Retrieved: December 20, 2009.
            94. ^ The Last Temptation of Clarence Odbody amazon.com, Retrieved: May 6, 2012.
            95. ^ a b Webb, Chad. “Missing: It Happened One Christmas” . 411mania.com, 2010. Retrieved: August 2, 2011.
            96. ^ Block, Alex Ben (July 19, 2013). “Hallmark Channel Preps 4 New Christmas Movies” . The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 31, 2018. 
            97. ^ “Sunday’s Cable Ratings & Broadcast Finals: NFL, “Walking Dead” Top Charts” . The Futon Critic. December 4, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2017. 
            98. ^ Price, Michael H. ” ‘Life’ gets even more wonderful two generations later” . Fort Worth Star-Telegram , December 14, 1991. Retrieved: July 31, 2011.
            99. ^ Sharbutt, Jay. “Angel of 1946 film comes to cable: ‘Clarence’ gives modern twist to ‘It’s a Wonderful Life’ theme” . The Free Lance-Star, December 11, 1990. Retrieved: July 31, 2011.
            100. ^ “Sequel to Frank Capra’s ‘It’s a Wonderful Life’ Aiming for 2015 Release [UPDATED] – /Film” . Slashfilm.com. November 18, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2017. 
            101. ^ “Paramount Threatens Legal Action Over ‘It’s a Wonderful Life’ Sequel Plan” . The Hollywood Reporter . Retrieved November 22, 2017. 
            102. ^ Berardinelli, James. “Review” . reelviews.net. Retrieved: November 8, 2010.

            Bibliography[ edit ]

            • Barker, Martin and Thomas Austin. “Films, Audiences and Analyses”. From Antz To Titanic: Reinventing Film Analysis. London: Pluto Press, 2000, pp. 15–29. ISBN   0-7453-1584-4 .
            • Cahill, Marie. It’s a Wonderful Life. East Bridgewater, Massachusetts: World Publications Group, 2006. ISBN   978-1-57215-459-9 .
            • Capra, Frank. Frank Capra, The Name Above the Title: An Autobiography. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1971. ISBN   0-306-80771-8 .
            • Cox, Stephen. It’s a Wonderful Life: A Memory Book. Nashville, Tennessee: Cumberland House, 2003. ISBN   1-58182-337-1 .
            • Eliot, Mark. Jimmy Stewart: A Biography. New York: Random House, 2006. ISBN   1-4000-5221-1 .
            • Finler, Joel W. The Hollywood Story: Everything You Always Wanted to Know About the American Movie Business But Didn’t Know Where to Look. London: Pyramid Books, 1988. ISBN   1-85510-009-6 .
            • Goodrich, Francis, Albert Hackett and Frank Capra. It’s a Wonderful Life: The Complete Script in its Original Form. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986. ISBN   0-312-43911-3 .
            • Jones, Ken D., Arthur F. McClure and Alfred E. Twomey. The Films of James Stewart. New York: Castle Books, 1970.
            • McBride, Joseph. Frank Capra: The Catastrophe of Success. New York: Touchstone Books, 1992. ISBN   0-671-79788-3 .
            • Michael, Paul, ed. The Great Movie Book: A Comprehensive Illustrated Reference Guide to the Best-loved Films of the Sound Era. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc., 1980. ISBN   0-13-363663-1 .
            • Rodgers, James W. It’s a Wonderful Life: A Play in Two Acts. Woodstock, Illinois: Dramatic Publishing, 1994. ISBN   0-87129-432-X .
            • Sarris, Andrew. 1998. “You Ain’t Heard Nothin’ Yet.” The American Talking Film History & Memory, 1927-1949. Oxford University Press. ISBN   0-19-513426-5
            • Walters, James. “Reclaiming the Real: It’s a Wonderful Life (Frank Capra, 1946)”. Alternative Worlds in Hollywood Cinema. Bristol UK: Intellect Ltd, 2008, pp. 115–134. ISBN   978-1-84150-202-1 .
            • Wiley, Mason and Damien Bona. Inside Oscar: The Unofficial History of the Academy Awards. New York: Ballantine Books, 1987. ISBN   0-345-34453-7 .
            • Willian, Michael. The Essential It’s a Wonderful Life: A Scene-by-Scene Guide to the Classic Film, 2nd ed. Chicago: Chicago Review Press, 2006. ISBN   978-1-55652-636-7 .

            Further reading[ edit ]

            • Stewart, Jimmy. ” Jimmy Stewart Remembers ‘It’s a Wonderful Life’ “. 1977. MyMerryChristmas.com, 2012. Web. January 9, 2012.
            • Cox, Stephen. ” On a Wing and a Prayer “. Los Angeles Times December 23, 2006: E-1. Web. January 9, 2012.
            • Sullivan, Daniel J. ” Sentimental Hogwash?: On Capra’s It’s a Wonderful Life “, Humanitas (2005) 18.1–2: 115–140. Web. January 9, 2012.
            • Kamiya, Gary. ” All hail Pottersville! ” Salon December 22, 2001. Web. January 9, 2012.
            • Daven Hiskey (December 23, 2011). “It’s a Wonderful Life was Based on a “Christmas Card” Short Story by Philip Van Doren Stern” . TodayIFoundOut.com. 

            External links[ edit ]

            Wikimedia Commons has media related to It’s a Wonderful Life .
            Wikiquote has quotations related to: It’s a Wonderful Life
            • It’s a Wonderful Life on IMDb
            • It’s a Wonderful Life at Rotten Tomatoes
            • It’s a Wonderful Life at AllMovie
            • The Making of It’s A Wonderful Life Frank Capra Online at Eeweems.com
            • Dimitri Tiomkin and It’s A Wonderful Life at AmericanMusicPreservation.com
            • Philip Van Doren Stern, The Greatest Gift, publicly available 1st edition of authenticated reproduction , at sendaframe.com

            Streaming audio

            • It’s a Wonderful Life on Lux Radio Theater : March 10, 1947
            • It’s a Wonderful Life on Screen Directors Playhouse : May 8, 1949
            • v
            • t
            • e
            It’s a Wonderful Life
            Characters
            • George Bailey
            • Mary Hatch
            • Mr. Potter
            • Clarence Odbody
            Related
            • Bedford Falls
            • The Greatest Gift
            • A Wonderful Life
            • It Happened One Christmas
            • Clarence
            • It’s a Meaningful Life
            • Philip Van Doren Stern
            • v
            • t
            • e
            Frank Capra
            • Filmography
            Feature films directed
            • Fultah Fisher’s Boarding House
            • The Strong Man
            • Long Pants
            • For the Love of Mike
            • That Certain Thing
            • So This Is Love?
            • The Matinee Idol
            • The Way of the Strong
            • Say It with Sables
            • The Power of the Press
            • Submarine
            • The Younger Generation
            • The Donovan Affair
            • Flight
            • Ladies of Leisure
            • Rain or Shine
            • Dirigible
            • The Miracle Woman
            • Platinum Blonde
            • Forbidden
            • American Madness
            • The Bitter Tea of General Yen
            • Lady for a Day
            • It Happened One Night
            • Broadway Bill
            • Mr. Deeds Goes to Town
            • Lost Horizon
            • You Can’t Take It with You
            • Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
            • Meet John Doe
            • Arsenic and Old Lace
            • It’s a Wonderful Life
            • State of the Union
            • Riding High
            • Here Comes the Groom
            • A Hole in the Head
            • Pocketful of Miracles
            Why We Fight series
            • Prelude to War
            • The Nazis Strike
            • Divide and Conquer
            • The Battle of Britain
            • The Battle of Russia
            • The Battle of China
            • War Comes to America
            Other works
            • Know Your Enemy: Japan
            • Here Is Germany
            • Tunisian Victory
            • Your Job in Germany
            • Two Down and One to Go
            • The Negro Soldier
            • The Army–Navy Screen Magazine
            • The Fallbrook Story
            • The Bell Laboratory Science Series
              • Our Mr. Sun
              • Hemo the Magnificent
            • Rendezvous in Space
            Related
            • Bibliography
            • Liberty Films
            • Frank Capra Jr. (son)
            • Five Came Back (2017 documentary)
            • v
            • t
            • e
            Jo Swerling
            Screenwriting
            • Humor Risk (1921)
            • Ladies of Leisure (1930)
            • Madonna of the Streets (1930)
            • Dirigible (1931)
            • The Miracle Woman (1931)
            • Platinum Blonde (1931)
            • Forbidden (1932)
            • Behind the Mask (1932)
            • Love Affair (1932)
            • Attorney for the Defense (1932)
            • The Defense Rests (1934)
            • Lady by Choice (1934)
            • Once to Every Woman (1934)
            • Love Me Forever (1935)
            • The Whole Town’s Talking (1935)
            • Pennies from Heaven (1936)
            • Double Wedding (1937)
            • Made for Each Other (1939)
            • The Real Glory (1939)
            • Gone with the Wind (1939)
            • The Westerner (1940)
            • Blood and Sand (1941)
            • Confirm or Deny (1941)
            • The Pride of the Yankees (1942)
            • Crash Dive (1943)
            • Lifeboat (1944)
            • Leave Her to Heaven (1945)
            • It’s a Wonderful Life (1946)
            • Thunder in the East (1952)
            • Guys and Dolls (1955)
            • The Big Bankroll (1961)
            Other
            • Guys and Dolls
            Family
            • Peter Swerling (son)
            • v
            • t
            • e
            Christmas
            • Blue Christmas
            • Christmas Eve
            • Children’s Day
            • Boxing Day
            • Nochebuena
            • Saint Nicholas Day
            • St. Stephen’s Day
            • Sol Invictus
            • Yule
            In
            Christianity
            • Biblical Magi
              • Adoration of the Magi
            • Adoration of the Shepherds
            • Advent
            • Angel Gabriel
            • Annunciation
            • Annunciation to the shepherds
            • Baptism of the Lord
            • Bethlehem
            • Christingle
            • Christmastide
            • Epiphany
            • Herod the Great
            • Jesus
            • Joseph
            • Mary
            • Massacre of the Innocents
              • flight into Egypt
            • Nativity Fast
            • Nativity of Jesus
              • in art
              • in later culture
            • Nativity scene
            • Saint Nicholas
            • Star of Bethlehem
            • Twelfth Night
            In folklore
            • Badalisc
            • La Befana
            • Belsnickel
            • Caganer
            • Christkind
            • Ded Moroz
            • Elves
            • Father Christmas
            • Grýla
            • Jack Frost
            • Joulupukki
            • Knecht Ruprecht
            • Korvatunturi
            • Krampus
            • Mikulás
            • Miner’s figure
            • Mrs. Claus
            • Nisse/Tomte
            • North Pole
            • Old Man Winter
            • Olentzero
            • Père Fouettard
            • Père Noël
            • Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer
            • Saint Lucy
            • Santa’s reindeer
            • Santa’s workshop
            • Sinterklaas
            • Tió de Nadal
            • Vertep
            • Yule Cat
            • Yule Lads
            • Zwarte Piet
            Gift-bringers
            • Saint Nicholas
            • Santa Claus
            • List of Christmas gift-bringers by country
            Traditions
            • Advent calendar
            • Advent candle
            • Advent wreath
            • Boar’s Head Feast
            • Candle arches
            • Cards
            • Carols by Candlelight
            • Cavalcade of Magi
            • Crackers
            • Decorations
            • Events and celebrations
            • Feast of the Seven Fishes
            • Flying Santa
            • Google Santa Tracker
            • Hampers
            • Las Posadas
            • Letters
            • Lights
            • Lord of Misrule
            • Markets
            • Meals and feasts
            • Moravian star
            • Nine Lessons and Carols
            • NORAD Tracks Santa
            • Nutcrackers
              • dolls
            • Ornaments
            • Parades
              • list
            • Piñatas
            • Pyramids
            • Räuchermann
            • Seals
            • Secret Santa
            • Spanbaum
            • Stamps
            • Stockings
            • Tree
            • Twelve Days
            • Wassailing
            • Windows
            • Yule Goat
            • Yule log
            By country
            • Australia and New Zealand
            • Denmark
            • Germany
            • Hawaii
            • Hungary
            • Iceland
            • Indonesia
            • Ireland
            • Mexico
            • Norway
            • Philippines
            • Poland
            • Romania
            • Russia
            • Scotland
            • Serbia
            • Sweden
            • Ukraine
            Music
            • Carols
              • list
            • Hit singles UK
            • Hit singles US
            • Music books
              • Carols for Choirs
              • The Oxford Book of Carols
              • The New Oxford Book of Carols
              • Piae Cantiones
            Other media
            • Secular Christmas stories
            • Films
            • Poetry
              • ” Old Santeclaus with Much Delight “
              • ” A Visit from St. Nicholas “
            • Television
              • specials
              • Yule Log
            In
            modern
            society
            • Advent Conspiracy
            • Black Friday (partying)
            • Black Friday (shopping)
            • Bronner’s Christmas Wonderland
            • Christmas club
            • Christmas creep
            • Christmas Day (Trading) Act 2004
            • Christmas Lectures
            • Christmas Mountains
            • Christmas truce
            • Controversies
            • Cyber Monday
            • Economics
            • Giving Tuesday
            • El Gordo
            • Holiday season
            • In July
            • In August
            • Leon Day
            • NBA games
            • NFL games
            • Puritan New England
            • American Civil War
            • Post-War United States
            • Running of the Santas
            • SantaCon
            • Santa’s Candy Castle
            • Small Business Saturday
            • Super Saturday
            • Virginia O’Hanlon
            • White Christmas
            • Winter festivals
            • WWE Tribute to the Troops
            • Xmas
            Food and
            drink
            • Dinner
              • Joulupöytä
              • Julebord
              • Kūčios
              • Réveillon
              • Twelve-dish supper
              • Smörgåsbord
              • Wigilia
            • Sweets
              • bûche de Noël
              • Cake
              • Candy cane
              • Cookies
              • Fruitcake
              • Gingerbread
              • Kourabiedes
              • Melomakarono
              • Mince pie
              • Pavlova
              • Pecan pie
              • Pumpkin pie
              • Pudding
              • Rosca de reyes
              • Szaloncukor
              • Turrón
            • Soup
              • Menudo
            • Sauce
              • Cranberry sauce
            • Beverages
              • Apple cider
              • Champurrado
              • Eggnog
              • Mulled wine
                • Smoking Bishop
              • Ponche crema
            • Dumpling
              • Hallaca
              • Tamale
            • Meat
              • Ham
              • Roast goose
              • Romeritos
              • Turkey
              • Stuffing
            • Category Category
            • Portal Portal

            Retrieved from ” https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=It%27s_a_Wonderful_Life&oldid=854997334 ”
            Categories :

            • 1946 films
            • English-language films
            • 1940s fantasy films
            • 1940s romantic drama films
            • American black-and-white films
            • American Christmas films
            • American fantasy films
            • American films
            • American romantic drama films
            • Films directed by Frank Capra
            • Films about angels
            • Films about banking
            • Films about wish fulfillment
            • Films based on short fiction
            • Films set in New York (state)
            • Films set in the 1910s
            • Films set in the 1920s
            • Films set in the 1930s
            • Films shot in California
            • Films whose director won the Best Director Golden Globe
            • Liberty Films films
            • United States National Film Registry films
            • Films set in fictional populated places
            • Films about suicide
            Hidden categories:

            • CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown
            • Webarchive template wayback links
            • All articles with failed verification
            • Articles with failed verification from July 2018
            • All articles with dead external links
            • Articles with dead external links from July 2017
            • Articles with permanently dead external links
            • Articles with inconsistent citation formats
            • Use mdy dates from July 2017
            • All articles with unsourced statements
            • Articles with unsourced statements from April 2011

            Navigation menu

            Personal tools

            • Not logged in
            • Talk
            • Contributions
            • Create account
            • Log in

            Namespaces

            • Article
            • Talk

            Variants

              Views

              • Read
              • Edit
              • View history

              More


                Navigation

                • Main page
                • Contents
                • Featured content
                • Current events
                • Random article
                • Donate to Wikipedia
                • Wikipedia store

                Interaction

                • Help
                • About Wikipedia
                • Community portal
                • Recent changes
                • Contact page

                Tools

                • What links here
                • Related changes
                • Upload file
                • Special pages
                • Permanent link
                • Page information
                • Wikidata item
                • Cite this page

                Print/export

                • Create a book
                • Download as PDF
                • Printable version

                In other projects

                • Wikimedia Commons
                • Wikiquote

                Languages

                • العربية
                • Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎
                • Български
                • Bosanski
                • Català
                • Čeština
                • Cymraeg
                • Dansk
                • Deutsch
                • Ελληνικά
                • Español
                • Esperanto
                • Euskara
                • فارسی
                • Français
                • Gaeilge
                • Galego
                • 한국어
                • Հայերեն
                • Hrvatski
                • Italiano
                • עברית
                • ქართული
                • Latviešu
                • Magyar
                • Bahasa Melayu
                • Nederlands
                • 日本語
                • Norsk
                • Polski
                • Português
                • Română
                • Русский
                • Shqip
                • Simple English
                • Slovenčina
                • Српски / srpski
                • Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски
                • Suomi
                • Svenska
                • Tagalog
                • தமிழ்
                • తెలుగు
                • Türkçe
                • Українська
                • Tiếng Việt
                • 中文
                Edit links

                • This page was last edited on 15 August 2018, at 06:25 (UTC).
                • Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ;
                  additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy . Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.
                • Privacy policy
                • About Wikipedia
                • Disclaimers
                • Contact Wikipedia
                • Developers
                • Cookie statement
                • Mobile view
                • Wikimedia Foundation
                • Powered by MediaWiki

                • Home
                • Mail
                • Tumblr
                • News
                • Sports
                • Finance
                • Entertainment
                • Lifestyle
                • Answers
                • Groups
                • Mobile
                • More
                  • Weather
                  • Politics
                  • Tech
                  • Shopping
                • Upgrade your browser with the best of Yahoo »

                Yahoo Answers

                • 👤 Sign in
                • Mail
                • Help

                Entertainment & Music

                Movies

                Next

                Annie R

                What was inscribed in the book at the end of "Its a Wonderful Life?

                George Bailey finds Tom Sawyer (book) in the collection basket at the end of the movie and Clarence wrote something about wealth and friends. Who remembers?


                Follow

                6 answers
                6
                Report Abuse


                Are you sure you want to delete this answer?



                Sorry, something has gone wrong.

                Answers

                Rating
                Newest
                Oldest

                JusticeManEsq


                Best Answer: 
                I think it says, "No man is a failure if he has friends. Thanks for the wings. Clarence",

                JusticeManEsq

                · 1 decade ago

                0

                Thumbs up

                0

                Thumbs down

                Report Abuse
                Comment

                Add a comment

                · just now




                Asker’s rating

                4 out of 5

                • macko

                  Wonderful Life Book
                  Source(s):
                  https://shrinkurl.im/a8r9C

                  macko
                  · 2 years ago

                  0

                  Thumbs up

                  0

                  Thumbs down

                  Report Abuse
                  Comment

                  Add a comment

                  · just now



                • sayjon1972

                  Dear George ,Remember no man is a failure who has friends.
                  Thanks for the wings!
                  Love
                  Clarence.

                  sayjon1972
                  · 1 decade ago

                  0

                  Thumbs up

                  0

                  Thumbs down

                  Report Abuse
                  Comment

                  Add a comment

                  · just now



                • The Reverend Soleil

                  Dear George:—
                  Remember no man is a failure who has friends.
                  Thanks for the wings!
                  Love
                  Clarence.
                  Source(s):
                  Wikipedia

                  The Reverend Soleil
                  · 1 decade ago

                  0

                  Thumbs up

                  0

                  Thumbs down

                  Report Abuse
                  Comment

                  Add a comment

                  · just now



                • socalicd

                  What they said above, they beat me to it.

                  socalicd
                  · 1 decade ago

                  0

                  Thumbs up

                  0

                  Thumbs down

                  Report Abuse
                  Comment

                  Add a comment

                  · just now



                • Mazz

                  "… and he lived happily ever after. Until December 26th, when he dropped dead from a massive heart attack…"

                  Mazz
                  · 1 decade ago

                  0

                  Thumbs up

                  1

                  Thumbs down

                  Report Abuse
                  Comment

                  Add a comment

                  · just now



                Report Abuse

                Additional Details

                If you believe your intellectual property has been infringed and would like to file a complaint, please see our Copyright/IP Policy

                Report Abuse
                Cancel

                Report Abuse

                Additional Details

                If you believe your intellectual property has been infringed and would like to file a complaint, please see our Copyright/IP Policy

                Report Abuse
                Cancel

                Report Abuse

                Additional Details

                If you believe your intellectual property has been infringed and would like to file a complaint, please see our Copyright/IP Policy

                Report Abuse
                Cancel

                • Upload failed. Please upload a file larger than 100×100 pixels
                • We are experiencing some problems, please try again.
                • You can only upload files of type PNG, JPG, or JPEG.
                • You can only upload files of type 3GP, 3GPP, MP4, MOV, AVI, MPG, MPEG, or RM.
                • You can only upload photos smaller than 5 MB.
                • You can only upload videos smaller than 600MB.
                • You can only upload a photo (png, jpg, jpeg) or a video (3gp, 3gpp, mp4, mov, avi, mpg, mpeg, rm).
                • You can only upload a photo or a video.
                • Video should be smaller than <b>600mb/5 minutes</b>
                • Photo should be smaller than <b>5mb</b>
                • Video should be smaller than <b>600mb/5 minutes</b>
                  Photo should be smaller than <b>5mb</b>

                Related Questions

                Do atheists look at life as a wonderful adventure.?

                "If Im So Wonderful, Why Am I Still Single?"?

                My Wonderful Life!!!??? Would this be the title of a book about your life?

                More questions
                Did you ever realise how wonderful life is…?

                I have a wonderful, rewarding, rich life…all without a god. Why does this tick Christians off so much?

                Answer Questions

                Where can I find the "crackhead" version of the avengers ?

                What are your favorite 90s teen movies?

                Gay short film from logo tv clicklist best in shortfilm?

                Suppose Officer Schmidt and Dolores had a romantic relationship in the past. Should that affect Officer s Schmidt s decision?

                • Terms
                • Privacy
                • AdChoices
                • RSS

                san ramon high school ski swap

                SRVHS Ski Swap


                Welcome to SRVHS Ski Swap

                One Day Only

                October 28th, 2017    9am to 3pm

                San Ramon Valley High School Commons

                (right next to the Performing Arts Center)

                Find us
                Admission $5 (Free for children 5 and under with adult)
                • Home
                • More About Us
                • Donations
                • Download Flyer
                • Subscribe
                • Contact Us

                About Us

                One of the biggest Ski Swaps in Northern California

                The SRVHS Ski and Snowboard Swap hosted by the SRVHS PTSA is THE place to get all your winter gear for skiing and snowboarding at discount prices.  You will find a huge selection of new and used skis, boards, boots, poles, helmets, goggles, and apparel in adult and children’s sizes, along with expert advice to make sure you get just the right fit.

                It's a great way to save money and support San Ramon Valley High School.

                The money we raise will go back to the school to help our students get the best education possible.  So you not only get great discounts on new and gently used gear, but you will be supporting San Ramon Valley High students and teachers.  The Ski Swap is a PTSA sponsored event. 

                One Stop Shopping. Come early for the best selection

                You’ll find skis and boards from Rossignol, K2, Volki, Dynastar, Burton, Soloman and more.  Snowsuits, bibs, pants for 12mos. to XXL sizes–toddlers, kids, junior, youth and adults(sizes XS-XL). Snow boots..toddler size 5 to kids size 5. Lots of kids boots​.  Toddler, Kids, Junior and Adult jackets from 12 month-XXL Gloves for toddlers, kids, ladies, and men.  Name brands Columbia, Obermeyer, Childrens Place, Rei, Lands End, Burton, Roxy, LLBean, Spyder, Ripzone, Pacific Trail, Free Country, Polo, Northface, Sorel, LaCrosse, Kombi, Head, Polaris, Nike, …..you name it, We have it. 1/4-1/2 of original prices.

                Donations are always welcome

                We are accepting donations of gently used skis, snowboards,  boots, and outerwear.   Contact us at [email protected] for pickup.  Or bring your donations to the school Friday, Oct 27th, 5pm-7pm.  We will be in the Commons, right next to the Performing Arts Center 

                All donations include a tax deductable receipt at donation pickup or drop-off. 

                Monetary donations are accepted at any time.

                Donate Now

                Subscribe

                Sign up to hear from us about specials, sales, and events.

                Contact Us

                Drop us a line!

                Better yet, see us in person!

                We love our customers, so come and shop at the swap.

                SRVHS Ski Swap

                501 San Ramon Valley Blvd, Danville, California 94526, United States

                (925) 552-3000

                Hours and Location

                October 28th, 2017

                9am to 3pm 

                Admission $5 (free for 5 and under with adult)

                You’ll find us in the Commons at SRVHS, which is right next to the Performing Arts Center

                PTSA Sponsored Event

                Copyright © 2017 SRVHS Ski Swap – All Rights Reserved.
                Powered by GoDaddy GoCentral Website Builder

                logo_bay_2x
                • Home
                • News
                  • Local
                  • State
                  • U.S. & World
                  • Politics
                  • #Trending
                  • Entertainment
                  • Bay Area Revelations
                  • Bay Area Proud
                  • In The Weeds
                  • Tech
                  • Health
                  • Weird
                  • Real Estate
                  • Press Here
                    Regional
                  • East Bay
                  • North Bay
                  • Peninsula
                  • San Francisco
                  • South Bay
                • Weather
                  • Forecast
                  • Maps & Radar
                  • Weather Alerts
                  • Weather Stories
                  • Sky Cameras
                  • Calif. Drought
                • Investigative Unit
                  • Consumer Stories
                  • Investigative Stories
                • Sports
                  • Olympics
                  • San Francisco Giants
                  • Oakland Athletics
                  • San Francisco 49ers
                  • Oakland Raiders
                  • Golden State Warriors
                  • San Jose Sharks
                  • College Sports
                  • Traffic
                  • Contact Us
                  • Contests
                  • Community
                  • TV Listings
                  • KNTV Signal Help
                  • About
                  • Advertise
                  • LIVE TV
                  • ON NOW
                  • XTERRA Adventures
                  • ON DEMAND
                  • NBC on Demand

                    Watch the latest full episodes of your favorite NBC series anytime and anywhere.

                  • Click for full schedule
                • Scattered Clouds
                  64°
                • Connect
                  Social Media
                  Our Apps

                  Newsletters

                  Send us Videos and Pictures

                  Send Tips

                  NBC_OTS_CONSUMER_BAY
                  Submit a Complaint

                  • Submit Tips
                  • Send Feedback
                  • Terms of Service
                  • Privacy Policy
                  • Visit our partner site
                    KSTS

                WATCH LIVE

                XTERRA Adventures

                An overview of the XTERRA Global Tour and its different race destinations.

                San Ramon Valley High School Ski Swap

                Published at 3:59 PM PDT on Oct 12, 2017

                  processing...

                  NEWSLETTERS

                  Receive the latest community updates in your inbox

                  Privacy policy | More Newsletters
                  Why a Long-Weekend Trip to Juneau is Good for the Soul

                  With the snowy season right around the corner, it’s the perfect time to pick up some new ski and snowboard gear at the San Ramon Valley High School Ski Swap! Come out on October 28 to find great deal on new and gently used gear before hitting the slopes this winter.

                  All proceeds will go to benefit school programs at SRVHS. Donations of new or gently used gear are also appreciated (and are tax deductible). Skis, snowboards, boots, outerwear, etc are all accepted.

                  For more information, click here .

                  Where: San Ramon Valley High School – 501 Danville Blvd, Danville

                  When: Saturday, October 28 – 9AM-3PM

                    

                  Leave Comments

                  • News
                  • Weather
                  • Investigations
                  • Entertainment
                  • Traffic
                  • Contact Us
                  Connect With Us
                  • FCC Independent Programming Report
                  • FCC News and Information Programming Report
                  • NBC Non-Profit News Partnership Reports
                  • KNTV Public Inspection File
                  • Employment
                  • Send Feedback
                  • Terms of service
                  • Privacy policy
                  © 2018 NBCUniversal Media, LLC. All rights reserved.
                  AdChoices

                  logo_bay_2x
                  • Home
                  • News
                    • Local
                    • State
                    • U.S. & World
                    • Politics
                    • #Trending
                    • Entertainment
                    • Bay Area Revelations
                    • Bay Area Proud
                    • In The Weeds
                    • Tech
                    • Health
                    • Weird
                    • Real Estate
                    • Press Here
                      Regional
                    • East Bay
                    • North Bay
                    • Peninsula
                    • San Francisco
                    • South Bay
                  • Weather
                    • Forecast
                    • Maps & Radar
                    • Weather Alerts
                    • Weather Stories
                    • Sky Cameras
                    • Calif. Drought
                  • Investigative Unit
                    • Consumer Stories
                    • Investigative Stories
                  • Sports
                    • Olympics
                    • San Francisco Giants
                    • Oakland Athletics
                    • San Francisco 49ers
                    • Oakland Raiders
                    • Golden State Warriors
                    • San Jose Sharks
                    • College Sports
                    • Traffic
                    • Contact Us
                    • Contests
                    • Community
                    • TV Listings
                    • KNTV Signal Help
                    • About
                    • Advertise
                    • LIVE TV
                    • ON NOW
                    • XTERRA Adventures
                    • ON DEMAND
                    • NBC on Demand

                      Watch the latest full episodes of your favorite NBC series anytime and anywhere.

                    • Click for full schedule
                  • Scattered Clouds
                    64°
                  • Connect
                    Social Media
                    Our Apps

                    Newsletters

                    Send us Videos and Pictures

                    Send Tips

                    NBC_OTS_CONSUMER_BAY
                    Submit a Complaint

                    • Submit Tips
                    • Send Feedback
                    • Terms of Service
                    • Privacy Policy
                    • Visit our partner site
                      KSTS

                  WATCH LIVE

                  XTERRA Adventures

                  An overview of the XTERRA Global Tour and its different race destinations.

                  San Ramon Valley High School Ski Swap

                  Published at 3:59 PM PDT on Oct 12, 2017

                    processing...

                    NEWSLETTERS

                    Receive the latest community updates in your inbox

                    Privacy policy | More Newsletters
                    Why a Long-Weekend Trip to Juneau is Good for the Soul

                    With the snowy season right around the corner, it’s the perfect time to pick up some new ski and snowboard gear at the San Ramon Valley High School Ski Swap! Come out on October 28 to find great deal on new and gently used gear before hitting the slopes this winter.

                    All proceeds will go to benefit school programs at SRVHS. Donations of new or gently used gear are also appreciated (and are tax deductible). Skis, snowboards, boots, outerwear, etc are all accepted.

                    For more information, click here .

                    Where: San Ramon Valley High School – 501 Danville Blvd, Danville

                    When: Saturday, October 28 – 9AM-3PM

                      

                    Leave Comments

                    • News
                    • Weather
                    • Investigations
                    • Entertainment
                    • Traffic
                    • Contact Us
                    Connect With Us
                    • FCC Independent Programming Report
                    • FCC News and Information Programming Report
                    • NBC Non-Profit News Partnership Reports
                    • KNTV Public Inspection File
                    • Employment
                    • Send Feedback
                    • Terms of service
                    • Privacy policy
                    © 2018 NBCUniversal Media, LLC. All rights reserved.
                    AdChoices

                    georgetown county school district teacher salaries

                    Get Email Updates from Ballotpedia

                    Loading…

                    Ballotpedia on Facebook

                      Share this page

                      Follow Ballotpedia

                    Ballotpedia on Twitter

                      Share this page

                      Follow Ballotpedia

                    Subscribe
                    Donate to Ballotpedia Donate
                    Share:  
                     
                     

                    Ballotpedia Logo

                    Ballotpedia Logo



                    Menu coming soon!

                    Georgetown County School District, South Carolina

                    From Ballotpedia
                    Jump to: navigation , search

                    Local Politics Image.jpg

                    Ballotpedia provides comprehensive coverage of the 100 largest cities in America by population . This encompasses all elections appearing on the ballot within those cities. This school district is outside of that coverage scope . [1] If you would like to help our coverage scope grow, please consider donating to Ballotpedia.


                    Georgetown County School District
                    Georgetown County, South Carolina
                    Georgetown County School District logo.jpeg
                    District details
                    Superintendent: Dr. H. Randall Dozier
                    Enrollment: 9,712 students
                    Graduation rate:86.3% [2]
                    Number of schools: 19
                    Budget: $116.6 million
                    Website: School home page
                    Board members: 9
                    Term length: 4
                    Interested in serving?

                    Visit RunforOffice.org and enter your address to find out how.

                    Click here to learn how to run for school board

                    Contents

                    • 1 About the district
                      • 1.1 Demographics
                    • 2 Superintendent
                    • 3 School board elections
                      • 3.1 Election dates
                      • 3.2 Public participation in board meetings
                    • 4 Budget
                      • 4.1 Revenue
                      • 4.2 Expenditures
                      • 4.3 Debt
                    • 5 Teacher salaries
                    • 6 Schools in Georgetown County School District
                      • 6.1 Enrollment
                      • 6.2 District schools
                    • 7 Academic performance
                    • 8 Contact information
                    • 9 See also
                    • 10 External links
                    • 11 Footnotes

                    Georgetown County School District is a school district in South Carolina that serves Georgetown County . The district was the 25th-largest school district in the state in the 2013–2014 school year and served 9,712 students. [3]

                    About the district

                    Georgetown County School District is located in Georgetown County, South Carolina.

                    Georgetown County School District is located in Georgetown County, South Carolina . The city of the same name serves as the seat of county government. Georgetown County was home to 61,298 residents between 2010 and 2015, according to the United States Census Bureau. [4]

                    Demographics

                    Georgetown County underperformed in comparison to South Carolina as a whole in terms of higher education attainment between 2010 and 2014. The United States Census Bureau found that 23.8 percent of county residents aged 25 years and older had attained a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 25.3 percent for state residents. The median household income in the county was $41,578, compared to $45,033 for the state. County residents lived below the poverty level at a rate of 19.6 percent, while that rate was 16.6 percent for state residents. [4]

                    Racial Demographics, 2015 [4]
                    Race Georgetown County (%) South Carolina (%)
                    White 65.9 68.4
                    Black or African American 32.1 27.6
                    American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3 0.5
                    Asian 0.5 1.6
                    Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.1 0.1
                    Two or More Races 1.1 1.8
                    Hispanic or Latino 3.2 5.5
                    Presidential Voting Pattern, Georgetown County [5]
                    Year Democratic Vote Republican Vote
                    2012 14,163 16,526
                    2008 14,199 15,790
                    2004 10,602 12,606
                    2000 9,445 10,535

                    Note: Percentages for race and ethnicity may add up to more than 100 percent because respondents may report more than one race and the Hispanic/Latino ethnicity may be selected in conjunction with any race. Read more about race and ethnicity in the census here .

                    Superintendent

                    BP-Initials-UPDATED.png

                    This superintendent information is reviewed annually. Please contact us with any updates.

                    The superintendent of Georgetown County School District is Dr. H. Randall Dozier, who was appointed to the position in 2003. He had previously been serving as the district’s deputy superintendent. He began his career as a social studies teacher and coach in the Greenville County School District . He spent 21 years in that district, moving up the ranks from assistant principal to assistant superintendent. Dozier has his bachelor’s degree from Francis Marion University and both his master’s degree and doctorate from the University of South Carolina. [6]

                    School board elections

                    The Georgetown County Board of Education is a nonpartisan board that consists of nine members elected to four-year terms. Seven members are elected by specific geographic district, and two members are elected at large. [7]

                    Georgetown County Board of Education
                    Member District Term Ends
                    Sarah Elliott District 1 2020
                    Pat Deleone District 2 2018
                    Sandra Johnson District 3 2020
                    Randy Walker District 4 2020
                    Elery Little District 5 2020
                    Richard Kerr District 6 2020
                    Arthur Lance Jr. District 7 2016
                    Jim Dumm At-large 2018
                    Johnny Wilson At-large 2018

                    BP-Initials-UPDATED.png

                    This officeholder information was last updated on April 9, 2018. Please contact us with any updates.

                    BP-Initials-UPDATED.png

                    Election dates

                    See also: Georgetown County School District elections (2014) and Georgetown County School District elections (2016)

                    Members of the board are elected to four-year terms on a staggered basis. Four seats were up for election in 2014, and five seats were on the ballot in 2016.

                    Public participation in board meetings

                    The board maintains the following policy regarding public participation in board meetings last revised in 2001:

                    All official meetings of the Board are open to the press and public. However, the Board reserves the right to enter a closed session at any time to discuss such matters as may be properly considered in executive sessions.

                    The Board desires citizens of the district to attend its sessions so that they may become better acquainted with the operation and programs of the schools and that the Board
                    may have opportunity to hear the wishes and ideas of the public.

                    To assure that persons who wish to appear before the Board may be heard and, at the same time, conduct its meetings properly and efficiently, the Board adopts as policy the
                    following procedures and rules pertaining to public participation in Board meetings.

                    Citizens wishing to address the Board may do so at any regular Board meeting. Speakers are asked to complete a form available at the meeting and give it to the Board chairman prior to the beginning of the meeting. Persons who have not completed a card shall also be allowed to speak. Those individuals are asked to give their names and addresses and to indicate which school, if any, is referenced in the comments. All speakers are asked to be as brief as possible and to limit their comments to no more than three minutes unless granted special permission from the chairman.

                    Speakers may offer constructive criticism of school operations and programs. However, the Board will not hear complaints about specific school personnel. Other channels provide for board consideration and disposition of legitimate complaints involving individual employees.

                    The Board vests in its chairman, or other presiding officer, authority to terminate the remarks of any individual not adhering to the rules established above.

                    Persons appearing before the Board are reminded, as a point of information, that members of the Board are without authority to act independently as individuals in official
                    matters; thus, questions may be directed to the Board members, but answers must be deferred pending consideration by the Board. [8]

                    —Georgetown County School District’s website, (2001)

                    [9]

                    Budget

                    From 1993 to 2013, the Georgetown County School District had an average of $93,854,857 in revenue and $95,905,714 in expenditures, according to the United States Census Bureau’s survey of school system finances. The district had a yearly average of $115,292,333 in outstanding debt. The district retired $5,433,190 of its debt and issued $15,906,810 in new debt each year on average. [10]

                    Revenue

                    The table below separates the district’s revenue into the three sources identified by the agency: local, state, and federal.

                    Revenue by Source
                    Fiscal
                    Year
                    LocalStateFederalRevenue Total
                    Total% of RevenueTotal% of RevenueTotal% of Revenue
                    Click [show] on the right to display the revenue data for prior years.
                    1993$29,458,00051.54%$22,185,00038.82%$5,508,0009.64%$57,151,000
                    1994$34,058,00053.50%$24,011,00037.72%$5,591,0008.78%$63,660,000
                    1995$37,127,00054.61%$25,138,00036.97%$5,726,0008.42%$67,991,000
                    1996$33,783,00048.16%$30,551,00043.55%$5,815,0008.29%$70,149,000
                    1997$33,763,00046.39%$32,521,00044.68%$6,501,0008.93%$72,785,000
                    1998$35,076,00046.83%$33,344,00044.52%$6,484,0008.66%$74,904,000
                    1999$38,433,00047.96%$35,055,00043.74%$6,653,0008.30%$80,141,000
                    2000$38,972,00047.44%$36,701,00044.68%$6,469,0007.88%$82,142,000
                    2001$47,607,00049.79%$40,521,00042.38%$7,482,0007.83%$95,610,000
                    2002$44,373,00041.67%$53,530,00050.27%$8,581,0008.06%$106,484,000
                    2003$45,121,00049.10%$37,121,00040.39%$9,662,00010.51%$91,904,000
                    2004$46,031,00048.31%$38,305,00040.20%$10,954,00011.50%$95,290,000
                    2005$47,340,00048.65%$38,675,00039.74%$11,300,00011.61%$97,315,000
                    2006$51,252,00049.66%$40,844,00039.57%$11,114,00010.77%$103,210,000
                    2007$60,551,00054.09%$40,175,00035.89%$11,224,00010.03%$111,950,000
                    2008$55,526,00046.35%$52,662,00043.95%$11,622,0009.70%$119,810,000
                    2009$59,282,00052.23%$42,629,00037.56%$11,591,00010.21%$113,502,000
                    2010$59,677,00052.49%$38,573,00033.93%$15,440,00013.58%$113,690,000
                    2011$59,655,00051.99%$37,202,00032.42%$17,887,00015.59%$114,744,000
                    2012$62,953,00053.25%$41,845,00035.40%$13,421,00011.35%$118,219,000
                    2013$60,520,00050.31%$47,804,00039.74%$11,977,0009.96%$120,301,000
                    Avg.$46,693,23849.73%$37,590,09540.29%$9,571,5249.98%$93,854,857

                    Expenditures

                    The table below separates the district’s expenditures into five categories identified by the agency:

                    • Instruction: operation expenditures, state payments on behalf of the district for instruction and benefits, and retirement system transfers
                    • Support Services: support services, food services, and retirement system transfers for support service staff
                    • Capital Spending: capital outlay expenditures (i.e., construction, land or facilities purchases, and equipment purchases)
                    • Debt & Gov. Payments: payments to state and local governments and interest on school system debt
                    • Other: all other non-K-12 programs, except food services
                    Expenditures by Category
                    Fiscal
                    Year
                    InstructionSupport ServicesCapital SpendingDebt & Gov. PaymentsOtherBudget
                    Total
                    Total% of BudgetTotal% of BudgetTotal% of BudgetTotal% of BudgetTotal% of Budget
                    Click [show] on the right to display the expenditure data for prior years.
                    1993$28,771,00054.24%$19,372,00036.52%$1,306,0002.46%$1,652,0003.11%$1,944,0003.66%$53,045,000
                    1994$30,228,00054.43%$20,933,00037.70%$2,011,0003.62%$1,343,0002.42%$1,017,0001.83%$55,532,000
                    1995$31,313,00054.44%$22,452,00039.03%$1,717,0002.99%$916,0001.59%$1,120,0001.95%$57,518,000
                    1996$33,385,00052.85%$23,508,00037.21%$4,133,0006.54%$640,0001.01%$1,507,0002.39%$63,173,000
                    1997$35,349,00052.37%$25,582,00037.90%$5,227,0007.74%$467,0000.69%$872,0001.29%$67,497,000
                    1998$36,493,00051.87%$26,861,00038.18%$5,703,0008.11%$379,0000.54%$914,0001.30%$70,350,000
                    1999$37,957,00041.36%$29,936,00032.62%$20,744,00022.61%$2,220,0002.42%$910,0000.99%$91,767,000
                    2000$41,546,00029.32%$31,522,00022.25%$65,106,00045.95%$2,638,0001.86%$865,0000.61%$141,677,000
                    2001$43,607,00036.03%$33,319,00027.53%$37,708,00031.16%$5,367,0004.43%$1,017,0000.84%$121,018,000
                    2002$46,478,00042.89%$35,708,00032.95%$19,461,00017.96%$5,560,0005.13%$1,159,0001.07%$108,366,000
                    2003$47,747,00047.49%$37,022,00036.83%$8,963,0008.92%$5,434,0005.41%$1,368,0001.36%$100,534,000
                    2004$48,620,00051.92%$36,112,00038.56%$2,387,0002.55%$5,346,0005.71%$1,181,0001.26%$93,646,000
                    2005$49,824,00052.97%$36,079,00038.36%$2,754,0002.93%$4,331,0004.60%$1,070,0001.14%$94,058,000
                    2006$51,451,00050.35%$38,775,00037.94%$5,729,0005.61%$5,071,0004.96%$1,167,0001.14%$102,193,000
                    2007$52,224,00047.98%$39,464,00036.26%$10,675,0009.81%$5,055,0004.64%$1,426,0001.31%$108,844,000
                    2008$56,343,00046.86%$43,597,00036.26%$14,404,00011.98%$5,342,0004.44%$548,0000.46%$120,234,000
                    2009$55,292,00048.59%$42,925,00037.72%$9,642,0008.47%$5,368,0004.72%$568,0000.50%$113,795,000
                    2010$53,296,00049.44%$43,128,00040.01%$5,896,0005.47%$5,100,0004.73%$382,0000.35%$107,802,000
                    2011$52,515,00047.91%$41,492,00037.85%$9,987,0009.11%$5,193,0004.74%$429,0000.39%$109,616,000
                    2012$52,031,00044.57%$42,393,00036.32%$17,386,00014.89%$4,532,0003.88%$394,0000.34%$116,736,000
                    2013$55,447,00047.55%$44,615,00038.26%$11,615,0009.96%$4,625,0003.97%$317,0000.27%$116,619,000
                    Avg.$44,757,95247.88%$34,037,85736.01%$12,502,57111.37%$3,646,6193.57%$960,7141.16%$95,905,714

                    Debt

                    The table below shows the amount of debt retired, issued, and outstanding in the district for each year.


                    Debt
                    Fiscal
                    Year
                    RetiredIssuedOutstanding
                    Click [show] on the right to display the debt data for prior years.
                    1993$3,723,000$424,000$15,553,000
                    1994$5,031,000$1,015,000$11,537,000
                    1995$4,225,000$463,000$7,776,000
                    1996$3,300,000$447,000$4,923,000
                    1997$3,202,000$1,023,000$2,744,000
                    1998$2,202,000$50,113,000$50,655,000
                    1999$1,776,000$0$48,879,000
                    2000$1,856,000$59,804,000$106,827,000
                    2001$1,901,000$0$104,926,000
                    2002$1,900,000$0$103,026,000
                    2003$1,909,000$0$101,117,000
                    2004$3,158,000$0$97,959,000
                    2005$4,418,000$83,088,000$176,629,000
                    2006$4,539,000$3,595,000$175,685,000
                    2007$6,305,000$17,312,000$186,691,000
                    2008$7,524,000$8,418,000$187,584,000
                    2009$10,354,000$8,723,000$185,953,000
                    2010$10,354,000$2,140,000$177,739,000
                    2011$10,739,000$23,604,000$190,603,000
                    2012$12,912,000$67,847,000$245,537,000
                    2013$12,769,000$6,027,000$238,796,000
                    Avg.$5,433,190$15,906,810$115,292,333

                    Teacher salaries

                    Georgetown County teacher salaries are based on years of experience and education attainment. A teacher can earn higher salaries by pursuing advanced degrees. The following table details the salary schedule for the 2014-2015 school year. [11]

                    Salary structure
                    Degree level Minimum salary ($) Maximum salary ($)
                    Bachelor’s degree 30,995 56,600
                    Bachelor’s degree + 18 hours 32,245 58,389
                    Master’s degree 35,317 63,525
                    Master’s degree + 30 hours 38,439 67,303
                    Doctorate 41,259 76,847

                    Schools in Georgetown County School District

                    Enrollment

                    The district served 9,384 students during the 2011-2012 school year. The district experienced a 1.9 percent decrease in enrollment between 2010 and 2012. The following chart details enrollment in the district between 2010 and 2012: [12]

                    Total enrollment
                    Year Enrollment Year-to-year change (%)
                    2009-2010 9,567 N/A
                    2010-2011 9,449 -1.2
                    2011-2012 9,384 -0.7

                    District schools

                    Georgetown County School District operates 19 schools listed below in alphabetical order: [13]

                    Georgetown County School District Schools
                    School Name
                    Andrews Elementary School
                    Andrews High School
                    Brown’s Ferry Elementary School
                    Carvers Bay High School
                    Carvers Bay Middle School
                    Coastal Montessori Charter School
                    Georgetown High School
                    Georgetown Middle School
                    Kensington Elementary School
                    Maryville Elementary School
                    McDonald Elementary School
                    Plantersville Elementary School
                    Pleasant Hill Elementary School
                    Rosemary Middle School
                    Sampit Elementary School
                    Waccamaw Elementary School
                    Waccamaw High School
                    Waccamaw Intermediate
                    Waccamaw Middle School

                    Academic performance

                    The South Carolina Department of Education administers annual tests to district students called the South Carolina Palmetto Assessment of State Standards (SC PASS). These tests assess the proficiency of district students in five academic subjects including reading, math, science, social studies and writing. The following table details the percentage of students who met and exceeded proficiency levels on the SC PASS during the 2013-2014 school year: [14]

                    SC PASS Scores, 2013-2014 [15]
                    Subject Meets standard (%) Exceeds standard (%)
                    Reading 70.1 37.1
                    Math 71.0 32.4
                    Science 64.8 21.0
                    Social Studies 71.4 29.6
                    Writing 72.4 32.9

                    Contact information

                    Georgetown County School District logo.jpeg
                    Georgetown County School District
                    2018 Church Street
                    Georgetown, SC 29440
                    Phone: (843) 436-7000

                    See also

                    • South Carolina
                    • South Carolina school districts
                    • List of school districts in South Carolina
                    • Georgetown County School District elections (2014)
                    • School board elections portal

                    External links

                    BP-Initials-UPDATED.png

                    Suggest a link
                    • Georgetown County School District
                    • South Carolina Department of Education

                    Footnotes

                    1. As of August 2018, this local government-related article is not within Ballotpedia ‘s coverage scope and does not receive regular updates by our staff. If you have any questions or comments about this page, please email us .
                    2. South Carolina State Department of Education, “2013 State Report Card,” accessed August 3, 2015
                    3. National Center for Education Statistics, “ELSI Table Generator,” accessed November 16, 2015
                    4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 United States Census Bureau, “Georgetown County, South Carolina,” accessed September 21, 2016
                    5. South Carolina State Election Commission, “Election Results,” accessed August 19, 2014
                    6. Georgetown County School District, “Superintendent,” accessed November 24, 2014
                    7. Georgetown County School District, “Board of Education,” accessed November 24, 2014
                    8. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
                    9. Georgetown County School District, “Public Participation in Board of Education Meetings,” accessed November 24, 2014
                    10. United States Census Bureau, “Public School System Finances: Historical Data,” accessed December 1, 2015
                    11. Georgetown County School District, “Teacher Salary Schedule,” accessed November 21, 2014
                    12. South Carolina State Department of Education, “Average Daily Membership and Attendance,” accessed November 19, 2014
                    13. South Carolina Department of Education, “Georgetown County School District,” accessed November 24, 2014
                    14. South Carolina State Department of Education, “Report Cards,” accessed November 19, 2014
                    15. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag;
                      no text was provided for refs named scores
                    v    e

                    South Carolina school districts

                    List of school districts in South Carolina • Public education in South Carolina • South Carolina Department of Education
                    South Carolina Education Association • South Carolina School Boards Association • Evaluation of South Carolina school district websites
                    Flag of South Carolina
                    v    e

                    State of South Carolina
                    Columbia ( capital )

                    Ballot Measures

                    List of South Carolina ballot measures |
                    Local measures |
                    School bond issues |
                    Ballot measure laws |
                    Campaign Finance Requirements |

                    Government

                    South Carolina State Constitution |
                    House of Representatives |
                    Senate |
                    Legislative Council |
                    Ethics Commission |
                    Legislative Audit Council Director |

                    State executive officers

                    Governor |
                    Lieutenant Governor |
                    Attorney General |
                    Secretary of State |
                    Comptroller General |
                    Treasurer |
                    State Auditor |
                    Superintendent of Education |
                    Director of Insurance |
                    Commissioner of Agriculture |
                    Director of Natural Resources |
                    Director of Labor, Licensing and Regulation |
                    Chairman of Public Service Commission |

                    School boards

                    South Carolina Department of Education |
                    South Carolina school districts |

                    Judiciary

                    South Carolina Supreme Court |
                    Court of Appeals |
                    Circuit Courts |
                    Masters-in-Equity |
                    Family Courts |
                    Magistrate Courts |
                    Probate Courts |
                    Judicial selection in South Carolina |

                    Transparency Topics

                    Freedom of Information Act |
                    Transparency Legislation |
                    Open Records procedures |
                    Transparency Advocates |
                    Transparency blogs |
                    State budget |
                    Taxpayer-funded lobbying associations |

                    Divisions

                    State |
                    List of Counties |
                    List of Cities |
                    List of School Districts |
                    Evaluation of county websites |
                    Evaluation of city websites |
                    Evaluation of school district websites |

                    Retrieved from ” https://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=Georgetown_County_School_District,_South_Carolina&oldid=7359661 ”
                    Categories :

                    • Outside scope county page
                    • School districts in South Carolina
                    • Largest school districts (by enrollment) in South Carolina
                    • Nonpartisan school districts in South Carolina
                    • School districts in Georgetown County, South Carolina
                    Hidden category:

                    • Pages with reference errors

                    Ballotpedia includes 276,105 encyclopedic articles written and curated by our professional staff of editors, writers, and researchers. To contact our editorial staff, click here . To report an error, click here . For media inquiries, you can reach us here . To support our continued expansion, please donate here .

                    Elections

                    • Elections
                    • Sample Ballot Lookup
                    • Election Calendar
                    • United States Congress Elections, 2018
                    • State Executive Official Elections, 2018
                    • State Legislative Elections, 2018
                    • State Ballot Measures, 2018
                    • United States Municipal Elections, 2018
                    • School Board Elections, 2018

                    Federal

                    • Executive Branch
                    • Congress
                    • Judicial Branch

                    State

                    • State Executive Officials
                    • State Legislatures
                    • State Ballot Measures
                    • State Courts

                    Local

                    • School Boards
                    • Municipal Government

                    More

                    • Front page
                    • Index of Contents
                    • Fact Check
                    • Influencers
                    • Public Policy
                    • Recall
                    • Redistricting
                    • State Trifectas
                    • Major cases of the Supreme Court

                    About us

                    • About Ballotpedia
                    • Contact Ballotpedia
                    • Advertise with Ballotpedia
                    • Scope of Ballotpedia
                    • Job Opportunities
                    • The Ballotpedia Society
                    • The Lucy Burns Institute
                    • Ballotpedia Staff
                    • Press and Media
                    • General Disclaimer
                    • Report an error

                    SITE NAVIGATION

                    • Featured Articles
                      • Supreme Court vacancy, 2018: An overview
                      • Ballotpedia’s Election Analysis Hub, 2018
                      • Top 10 primaries in 2018
                      • What is an elections wave?
                    • Elections
                      • Elections
                      • Sample Ballot Lookup
                      • Who represents me?
                      • Election results
                      • Analysis
                        • 2018 election analysis
                        • 2016 election analysis
                        • 2017 election results
                        • 2016 election results
                        • Pivot counties
                        • Control of state government
                        • Competitiveness analysis
                      • Elections calendar
                      • Federal elections
                        • U.S. Congress elections, 2018
                        • U.S. Congress special elections
                      • State elections
                        • State executive
                        • State legislative
                        • State legislative special elections
                        • Ballot measures
                        • Judicial
                      • Local elections
                        • Municipal
                        • School board
                        • Local judicial
                        • Local measures
                        • Recall
                      • Elections by state and year
                      • Ballot access for candidates
                    • Federal
                      • Federal Politics
                      • Presidential elections
                      • Executive branch
                        • Policy issues under the Trump administration
                        • Presidential approval rating
                      • Legislative branch
                        • Congress
                        • U.S. Senate
                        • U.S. House
                        • Congressional approval rating
                      • Judicial branch
                        • Supreme Court
                        • Supreme Court cases
                        • U.S. Courts of Appeals
                        • U.S. District Courts
                      • The Administrative State Project
                    • State
                      • State Politics
                      • Ballot measures
                      • State budgets
                      • State courts
                      • State profiles
                      • State legislatures
                      • State executive officials
                      • Elections by state and year
                    • Local
                      • Local Politics
                      • Local ballot measures
                        • Notable measures
                        • Local measure elections
                      • Local courts
                        • Courts and judges by county
                        • Judicial elections
                      • Local elections
                      • Municipal government
                        • Largest cities
                        • Large counties
                        • Municipal elections
                      • Recall
                        • Laws governing recall
                        • Recall elections
                      • School boards
                        • Largest school districts
                        • School board elections
                    • Policy
                      • Public Policy
                      • The Administrative State Project
                      • Budgets
                      • Civil liberties
                      • Education
                      • Elections
                      • Energy
                      • Environment
                      • Finance
                      • Healthcare
                      • Immigration
                      • Pensions
                      • Index
                    • Influencers
                      • Influencers
                      • National influencers
                      • State influencers
                      • Local influencers
                      • Election influencers
                      • Policy influencers
                      • Influencers by type
                      • Influencers by legal type
                    • Fact check
                      • New stories
                      • Federal
                      • State
                      • Local
                      • By date
                      • Submit a claim
                      • About fact-checking
                    • News
                      • Front page
                      • Email updates
                      • The Tap
                      • The Daily Brew
                      • The Heart of the Primaries
                      • Fact Check
                      • The Ballot Bulletin
                      • Bold Justice
                      • Number of the Day
                      • Union Station
                      • Past news
                      • Press releases
                      • What people are saying
                      • Checks and Balances
                    • About
                      • About us
                      • Contact us
                      • How to get a page updated
                        • Submit a bio
                        • Submit a photo
                        • Submit a survey
                      • Staff
                      • Events
                      • Index
                      • Job opportunities
                      • Newsletters
                      • Our history
                      • Our scope
                      • Partnerships
                      • Report an error
                      • Support our work
                      • Join The Ballotpedia Society
                    • Privacy policy
                    • About Ballotpedia
                    • Disclaimers
                    • Login

                    Quantcast

                    louis riel school division transportation

                    Skip to Job Postings , Search Close
                    Find Jobs Company Reviews Find Salaries Find Resumes Employers / Post Job


                    Upload your resume


                    Sign in

                    :

                    School Division jobs in St. Boniface, MB

                    Filter results by:

                    Sort by: relevance
                    date

                    Salary Estimate
                    • $30,000 (103)
                    • $50,000 (23)
                    • $70,000 (5)
                    • $100,000 (1)

                    Job Type
                    • Full-time (24)
                    • Part-time (4)
                    • Permanent (3)
                    • Temporary (2)
                    • Contract (1)

                    Location
                    • Winnipeg, MB (119)

                    • School Division jobs nationwide

                    Jobs 1 to 10 of 121
                    Upload your resume – Let employers find you

                    FRONTENAC SCHOOL – 2.75 Educational Assistant – Special Need…


                    The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolair…

                    Winnipeg, MB


                    Lisa Aitken, Assistant Superintendent, Louis Riel School Division. Offer of employment with the Louis Riel School Division will be subject to the results of a…
                    3 days ago – save job – more…

                    • View all The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolaire Louis Riel jobs – Winnipeg jobs
                    • Salary Search: Educational Assistant salaries in Winnipeg, MB

                    HIGHBURY SCHOOL – 5.5 Educational Assistant – Special Needs


                    The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolair…

                    Winnipeg, MB


                    Lisa Aitken, Assistant Superintendent, Louis Riel School Division. Offer of employment with the Louis Riel School Division will be subject to the results of a…
                    3 days ago – save job – more…

                    • View all The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolaire Louis Riel jobs – Winnipeg jobs
                    • Salary Search: Educational Assistant salaries in Winnipeg, MB

                    MARION SCHOOL – 5.5 Educational Assistant – Special Needs


                    The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolair…

                    Winnipeg, MB


                    Lisa Aitken, Assistant Superintendent, Louis Riel School Division. Offer of employment with the Louis Riel School Division will be subject to the results of a…
                    3 days ago – save job – more…

                    • View all The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolaire Louis Riel jobs – Winnipeg jobs
                    • Salary Search: Educational Assistant salaries in Winnipeg, MB

                    VICTOR H.L. WYATT SCHOOL – 2.75 Educational Assistant – Spec…


                    The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolair…

                    Winnipeg, MB


                    Lisa Aitken, Assistant Superintendent, Louis Riel School Division. Offer of employment with the Louis Riel School Division will be subject to the results of a…
                    3 days ago – save job – more…

                    • View all The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolaire Louis Riel jobs – Winnipeg jobs
                    • Salary Search: Educational Assistant salaries in Winnipeg, MB

                    GENERAL VANIER SCHOOL – 2.75 Educational Assistant – Special…


                    The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolair…

                    Winnipeg, MB


                    Lisa Aitken, Assistant Superintendent, Louis Riel School Division. GENERAL VANIER SCHOOL. Offer of employment with the Louis Riel School Division will be…
                    3 days ago – save job – more…

                    • View all The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolaire Louis Riel jobs – Winnipeg jobs
                    • Salary Search: Educational Assistant salaries in Winnipeg, MB

                    ECOLE SAGE CREEK SCHOOL – 5.5 Educational Assistant – Specia…


                    The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolair…

                    Winnipeg, MB


                    Lisa Aitken, Assistant Superintendent, Louis Riel School Division. ÉCOLE SAGE CREEK SCHOOL. Offer of employment with the Louis Riel School Division will be…
                    3 days ago – save job – more…

                    • View all The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolaire Louis Riel jobs – Winnipeg jobs
                    • Salary Search: Educational Assistant salaries in Winnipeg, MB

                    H. S. PAUL SCHOOL – 2.75 Educational Assistant – Special Nee…


                    The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolair…

                    Winnipeg, MB


                    Lisa Aitken, Assistant Superintendent, Louis Riel School Division. Offer of employment with the Louis Riel School Division will be subject to the results of a…
                    3 days ago – save job – more…

                    • View all The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolaire Louis Riel jobs – Winnipeg jobs
                    • Salary Search: Educational Assistant salaries in Winnipeg, MB

                    LAVALLEE SCHOOL – 6.5 EASN Skills for Living Program (SLP)


                    The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolair…

                    Winnipeg, MB


                    SCHOOL LAVALLEE SCHOOL. Lisa Aitken, Assistant Superintendent, Louis Riel School Division. Offer of employment with the Louis Riel School Division will be…
                    3 days ago – save job – more…

                    • View all The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolaire Louis Riel jobs – Winnipeg jobs
                    • Salary Search: Speech Language Pathologist salaries in Winnipeg, MB

                    ARCHWOOD SCHOOL – 5.5 Educational Assistant – Special Needs…


                    The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolair…

                    Winnipeg, MB


                    Lisa Aitken, Assistant Superintendent, Louis Riel School Division. Offer of employment with the Louis Riel School Division will be subject to the results of a…
                    3 days ago – save job – more…

                    • View all The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolaire Louis Riel jobs – Winnipeg jobs
                    • Salary Search: Educational Assistant salaries in Winnipeg, MB

                    GENERAL VANIER SCHOOL – 3.25 EASN Skills for Living Program…


                    The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolair…

                    Winnipeg, MB


                    SCHOOL GENERAL VANIER SCHOOL. Lisa Aitken, Assistant Superintendent, Louis Riel School Division. Offer of employment with the Louis Riel School Division will be…
                    3 days ago – save job – more…

                    • View all The Louis Riel School Division/Le Division Scolaire Louis Riel jobs – Winnipeg jobs
                    • Salary Search: Speech Language Pathologist salaries in Winnipeg, MB
                    People also searched: winnipeg school division  – teacher  – teaching  – education  – full time  – educational assistant  – summer  – part time  – education assistant  – social worker

                    Let Employers Find You
                    Every day, thousands of employers search Indeed.com for candidates like you.

                    Upload Your Resume

                    Let employers find youEvery day, thousands of employers search Indeed for candidates like you
                    Get started on Indeed

                    Upload Your Resume

                    For jobs in Russia, visit ru.indeed.com

                    Jobs – Browse Companies – Salaries –

                    Browse Jobs – Employer Events – Work at Indeed – About – Help Centre

                    © 2018 Indeed – Cookies, Privacy and Terms